European Parliament Library

Environmental Law in Malaysia

Label
Environmental Law in Malaysia
Language
eng
Literary Form
non fiction
Main title
Environmental Law in Malaysia
Nature of contents
dictionaries
Summary
Derived from the renowned multi-volume International Encyclopaedia of Law s, this book provides ready access to legislation and practice concerning the environment in Malaysia . A general introduction covers geographic considerations, political, social and cultural aspects of environmental study, the sources and principles of environmental law, environmental legislation, and the role of public authorities.The main body of the book deals first with laws aimed directly at protecting the environment from pollution in specific areas such as air, water, waste, soil, noise, and radiation. Then, a section on nature and conservation management covers protection of natural and cultural resources such as monuments, landscapes, parks and reserves, wildlife, agriculture, forests, fish, subsoil, and minerals. Further treatment includes the application of zoning and land-use planning, rules on liability, and administrative and judicial remedies to environmental issues. There is also an analysis of the impact of international and regional legislation and treaties on environmental regulation.Its succinct yet scholarly nature, as well as the practical quality of the information it provides, make this book a valuable resource for environmental lawyers handling cases affecting Malaysia . Academics and researchers, as well as business investors and the various international organizations in the field, will welcome this very useful guide, and will appreciate its value in the study of comparative environmental law and policy
Table Of Contents
Intro -- Title Page -- Copyright Page -- The Author -- Table of Contents -- List of Abbreviations -- General Introduction -- 1. General Information -- I. Geography and Population -- II. Legal and Political Structure -- III. Economic Characteristics -- IV. Social and Cultural Characteristics -- V. Main Environmental Problems -- 2. Basic Principles of Environmental Law -- I. The Constitution -- II. The Institutional and Legal Framework on Sustainable Development -- A. Agencies -- B. Legislations -- 3. Historical Background -- 4. The Role of Government Institutions in the Shaping and Administration of Environmental Law and Policy -- I. Governmental Institutions and Their Competencies -- A. Constitutional Set Up -- B. Legislative Lists -- II. Administrative Set Up -- A. Federal Level -- B. State Level -- C. Local Level -- D. Statutory Bodies/Corporatization -- E. Privatization -- F. State and Federal Coordination -- III. The Actual Role of the Governmental Institutions -- A. Federal Level -- B. State Level -- C. Local Level -- 5. Sources of Environmental Law -- I. Written Laws -- II. Unwritten Law -- III. Environmental Policy -- A. Historical Development -- B. Content of the Policy -- IV. International Law -- A. The Constitution -- B. United Nations Conventions -- C. Commonwealth of Nations -- D. Association of Southeast Asian Nations -- Part I. Pollution Control -- Chapter 1. General Law -- 1. Environmental Quality Standards in Malaysia -- 2. Licences -- I. General -- II. Licence Conditions -- III. Contravention Licence -- IV. Prescribed Premises Licence -- 3. EIA in Malaysia -- 4. Public Participation -- 5. Environmental Management Systems and Audits -- I. Mandatory Standards -- II. Voluntary Standards -- Chapter 2. Air Pollution -- 1. General -- 2. Air Pollution Index -- 3. Stationary Air Pollution -- 4. Mobile Air PollutionI. Diesel Engine -- II. Petrol Engine -- III. Lead -- IV. Motorcycles -- 5. Prohibition of Open Burning -- 6. Criminal Provision on Air Pollution -- 7. Other Legislation -- Chapter 3. Water Pollution -- 1. Introduction -- 2. The Constitution -- 3. Institutional Framework -- 4. Water Quality -- I. Water Quality Index -- II. Interim National Water Quality Standards -- III. Drinking Water Standards -- 5. The Environmental Quality Act 1974 -- 6. Other Legislation -- I. Water Act 1920 -- II. Water Services Industry Act 2006 -- III. Drainage Works Act 1954 -- IV. Irrigation Areas Act 1953 -- 7. Legislations on River Conservation -- I. Drainage and Irrigation -- II. Waters Act 1920 -- 8. Groundwater -- I. General -- II. Legislation -- A. Geological Survey Act 1974 -- B. Environmental Quality Act 1974 -- 9. Water Supply -- I. Introduction -- II. Previous Legal Framework -- III. Present Framework -- A. Amendment of the Federal Constitution -- B. Water Services Industry Act 2006 -- C. Suruhanjaya Perkhidmatan Air Negara Act 2006 -- 10. Marine Pollution -- I. General -- II. Jurisdiction Over the Marine Environment -- A. The Constitution -- B. Department of Environment -- C. Marine Department -- D. Malaysian Maritime Enforcement Agency -- III. Legislations on Marine Pollution -- A. Environmental Quality Act 1974 -- B. Merchant Shipping Ordinance 1952 -- C. The Merchant Shipping (Oil Pollution) Act 1994 -- D. Exclusive Economic Zone Act 1984 -- IV. International Law on Marine Pollution -- Chapter 4. Waste -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Legal Framework -- I. Industrial Waste -- A. Crude Palm Oil -- B. Raw Natural Rubber -- C. Other Forms of Industrial Effluents -- II. Scheduled Wastes -- A. Cradle-to-Grave Concept -- B. Licence for Scheduled Wastes -- C. Prescribed Conveyance -- D. Legal Provisions -- III. International Law -- 3. SewerageI. Previous Framework -- II. Previous Legislation -- A. Sewerage Services Act 1993 -- B. The Local Government Act 1976 -- III. Present Framework -- A. Introduction -- B. Water Services Industry Act 2006 -- 4. Sullage -- 5. Agricultural Waste -- 6. Solid Waste -- I. Introduction -- II. Solid Waste: Previous Framework -- III. Present Framework -- A. Introduction -- B. Solid Waste and Public Cleansing Act 2007 -- C. Solid Waste and Public Cleansing Corporation Act 2007 -- 7. Leachate -- Chapter 5. Soil Pollution -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Legal Framework -- I. Environmental Quality Act 1974 -- II. Environmental Quality (Sewage) Regulations 2009 -- III. Environmental Impact Assessment -- IV. Street Drainage and Building Act 1974 -- V. Land Conservation Act 1960 -- VI. Contaminated Soil -- Chapter 6. Noise Pollution -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Legal Framework -- I. Environmental Quality Act 1974 -- A. Environmental Quality (Motor Vehicle Noise) Regulations 1989 -- B. Section 23 of the Environmental Quality Act 1974 -- C. Section 48A of the Environmental Quality Act 1974 -- II. Local Government Act 1976 -- III. The Civil Aviation Act 1969 -- IV. Civil Aviation Regulations 1996 -- V. Factories and Machinery Act 1989 -- Chapter 7. Radiation and Vibrations -- 1. The Legal Framework -- I. The Atomic Energy Licensing Act 1984 -- II. The Environmental Quality (Clean Air) (Regulations) 2014 -- Chapter 8. Other Sectors -- 1. Noxious Substances -- I. The Legal Framework -- II. Pesticides Act 1974 -- III. Poisons Act 1952 -- IV. Occupational Safety and Health Act 1994 -- V. Environmental Quality Act 1974 -- Part II. Nature Conservation and Management -- Chapter 1. Nature Conservation and Management -- 1. General Information -- I. Biodiversity -- II. Legal Framework -- Chapter 2. Monuments and Landscapes -- 1. Monuments -- I. Legal FrameworkII. The National Heritage Act 2005 -- 2. Landscapes -- I. General Information -- II. Legal Framework -- A. National Landscape Department -- B. Local Government -- Chapter 3. Parks and Reserves -- 1. The Physical Context -- 2. National and State Parks -- 3. Legal Framework -- I. The National Parks Act 1980 -- II. The Aboriginal Peoples Act 1954 -- III. National Forestry Act 1984 -- IV. State Legislations -- 4. Marine Park -- I. General Information -- II. Institutional Framework -- A. Federal Level -- B. State Level -- C. Consultative Level -- III. Fisheries Act 1985 -- A. The Constitution -- B. Marine Parks and Reserves -- C. The National Advisory Council for Marine Park and Marine Reserve -- D. Offences -- 5. Fish and Other Marine Life -- I. General Information -- II. Legal Framework -- III. Fisheries Act 1985 -- A. Historical Development -- B. Administration -- C. Offences -- D. Inland Fisheries -- E. Regulations under the Fisheries Act 1985 -- Chapter 4. Wildlife Protection -- 1. General Information -- 2. Institutional Framework -- I. Historical Development -- II. Present Framework -- 3. Federal Legislation -- I. The Wildlife Conservation Act 2010 -- A. General Information -- B. Protected and Totally Protected Wildlife -- C. Licence and Permits -- D. Wildlife Reserves and Sanctuaries -- E. Exceptions -- F. Offences and Penalties -- G. Powers Relating to Enforcement -- II. Legislation Regarding Zoos in Malaysia -- III. Fisheries Act 1985 -- A. Endangered Species -- B. Turtles -- IV. Animals Act 1953 -- V. Aboriginal Peoples Act 1954 -- VI. International Trade in Endangered Species Act 2008 -- 4. State Legislation -- Chapter 5. Agricultural Resources -- 1. General Information -- 2. Institutional Framework -- 3. Legislation -- Chapter 6. Forests -- 1. General Information -- 2. Legal Framework -- 3. National Forestry Act 1984I. Introduction -- II. Permanent Reserved Forest -- III. Licences and Permits -- IV. Offences and Penalties -- 4. Other Legislation -- 5. Logging -- I. General Information -- II. Illegal Logging -- III. Environmental Quality Act 1974 -- IV. International Law -- Chapter 7. Subsoil and Minerals -- 1. General Information -- 2. The Constitution -- 3. Legal Framework -- I. The Mineral Development Act 1994 -- II. Geological Survey Act 1974 -- III. Petroleum Mining Act 1966 -- Part III. Zoning and Land-Use Planning -- 1. General Information -- 2. Planning Coordination -- I. The Constitution -- II. Level of Coordination -- A. Federal -- B. State -- 3. Institutional Framework -- 4. Town and Country Planning Act 1976 -- 5. Other Legislation -- I. National Land Code 1965 -- II. Land Acquisition Act 1960 -- 6. Malay Reservations -- Part IV. Liability Questions -- Chapter 1. Introduction -- Chapter 2. Civil Liability -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Liability for Negligence -- 3. Strict Liability -- I. Introduction -- II. Strict Liability in Tort -- III. Strict Liability under Statute Law -- 4. Nuisance -- I. Introduction -- II. Private Nuisance -- III. Public Nuisance -- A. Introduction -- B. Local Government Act 1976 -- C. The Street Drainage and Building Act 1974 -- D. The Penal Code -- E. Criminal Procedure Code -- 5. Remedies -- 6. Locus Standi -- Chapter 3. Criminal Liability -- 1. Environmental Criminal Law in Malaysia -- 2. Sources -- 3. Civil Claims under Criminal Law -- I. Environmental Quality Act 1974 -- II. Exclusive Economic Zone Act 1984 -- 4. Criminal Liability Within Corporate Entities -- 5. Endangerment Crimes -- 6. The Sanction -- I. Introduction -- II. Specific Sanctions -- A. Prohibition Order -- B. Requirement on the Installation of Equipment -- C. Recovery of Costs and Expenses -- Part V. Juridical Actions of IndividualsChapter 1. Administrative Remedies
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