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Low-Level Radioactive Waste Repositories, An Analysis of Costs, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development and Nuclear Energy Agency

Label
Low-Level Radioactive Waste Repositories, An Analysis of Costs, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development and Nuclear Energy Agency
Language
eng
Abstract
Low-level radioactive waste (LLW) arises in the normal operation of nuclear power plants and fuel cycle facilities, as well as from the use of radioactive isotopes in medicine, industry and agriculture. This report sets out the costs of operating disposal sites for LLW in OECD countries, as well as the factors that may affect the costs of sites being developed. This publication will be of special interest to experts in the field of radioactive waste management and economics of the nuclear fuel cycle
resource.governmentPublication
international or intergovernmental publication
Literary Form
non fiction
Main title
Low-Level Radioactive Waste Repositories
Medium
electronic resource:
Nature of contents
dictionaries
Oclc number
1024257022
Responsibility statement
Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development and Nuclear Energy Agency
Series statement
Nuclear development Low-level radioactive waste repositories
Sub title
An Analysis of Costs
Table Of Contents
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY -- 1. INTRODUCTION -- 1.1 Background and objectives of the study -- 1.2 Scope of the study -- 1.3 Methodology used and structure of the report -- 1.4 Other related studies -- 2. LOW-LEVEL RADIOACTIVE WASTE MANAGEMENT SYSTEM -- 2.1 Repository Concepts -- 2.1.1 Introduction -- 2.1.2 Near-surface disposal -- 2.1.3 Disposal in caverns at intermediate depth (cavern-based repository) -- 2.1.4 Geological disposal -- 2.1.5 Institutional control after closure -- 2.2 Overview of low-level radioactive waste disposal in NEA countries -- 2.2.1 Policy, strategy and regulation of LLW disposal -- 2.2.2 Owner/operator of disposal facility -- 2.2.3 Waste origin and waste classification -- 2.3 Overview of LLW disposal in each country . -- 2.3.1 Australia -- 2.3.2 Belgium -- 2.3.3 Canada -- 2.3.4 Czech Republic -- 2.3.5 Finland -- 2.3.6 France -- 2.3.7 Germany -- 2.3.8 Hungary -- 2.3.9 Italy -- 2.3.10 Japan -- 2.3.11 Korea -- 2.3.12 Spain -- 2.3.13 Sweden -- 2.3.14 Switzerland -- 2.3.15 United Kingdom -- 2.4 Summary of LLW disposal in NEA countries -- 3. COST COMPONENTS, DATA COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS METHODOLOGY -- 3.1 Cost components -- 3.1.1 Repository costs -- 3.1.2 Additional LLW management costs -- 3.2 Data collection -- 3.2.1 Development of a questionnaire -- 3.2.2 Summary of cost data provided for the study -- 3.2.3 Uncertainties and gaps in the data.2.4 Consistency of data and basis for comparison and analyses of cost factors -- 3.3 Methodology for data comparison -- 3.3.1 General background -- 3.2 Definition of factors used in cost data comparison -- 4. ANALYSIS OF FACTORS AFFECTING REPOSITORY COSTS -- 4.1 Introduction -- 4.2 Technical factors affecting costs -- 4.2.1 Planning and licensing -- 4.2.2 Construction -- 4.2.3 Operation -- 4.2.4 Decommissioning and closure -- 4.2.5 Post-closure activities -- 4.2.6 LLW volume from nuclear power generation -- 4.3 Non-technical factors affecting costs -- 4.3.1 Socio-political factors -- 4.3.2 Regulatory requirements -- 4.3.3 Taxes and insurance -- 4.3.4 Finance -- 4.3.5 Timing -- 4.3.6 Land acquisition and cost of services -- 5. IMPACT ON NUCLEAR ELECTRICITY GENERATION COSTS -- 5.1 Introduction -- 5.2 Cost per unit volume – simple summation of cost elements -- 5.3 Cost per kWh -- 5.4 Sample calculation for discounted costs -- 6. CONCLUSION -- BIBLIOGRAPHY -- CURRENCY EXCHANGE RATES -- GLOSSARY -- LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS -- ANNEX 1: List of Expert Group Members -- ANNEX 2: Country Reports on low-level waste repository costs
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