European Parliament Library

The Rise of the radical right in the Global South, edited by Rosana Pinheiro-Machado and Tatiana Vargas-Maia

The Rise of the radical right in the Global South, edited by Rosana Pinheiro-Machado and Tatiana Vargas-Maia
Bibliography note
Includes bibliographical references and index
index present
Literary Form
non fiction
Main title
The Rise of the radical right in the Global South
Nature of contents
Oclc number
Responsibility statement
edited by Rosana Pinheiro-Machado and Tatiana Vargas-Maia
Series statement
Routledge studies in fascism and the far right
"The Rise of the Radical Right in the Global South is the first academic study-adopting an interdisciplinary and international perspective-to offer a comprehensive and groundbreaking framework for understanding the emergence and consolidation of different radical-right movements in Global South countries in the twenty-first century. From deforestation and the anti-vaccine movement in Bolsonaro's Brazil to the massacre of religious minorities in Modi's India, the rise of the radical right in the Global South is in the news every day. Not long ago, some of these countries were globally celebrated as emerging economies that consolidated vibrant democracies. Nonetheless, they never overcame structural problems including economic inequality, social violence, cultural conservatism, and political authoritarianism. Featuring case studies from Brazil, India, the Philippines, and South Africa, and more generally from Africa and Latin America, this book analyses future scenarios and current alternatives to this political movement to the radical right. It proposes a shift of focus in examining such a trend, adopting a view from the Global South; conventional theoretical tools developed around the experience in Global North countries are not enough. The authors show that the radical right in the Global South should be analysed through specific lenses, considering national historical patterns of political and economic development and instability. They also warn that researching these countries may differ from contexts where democratic institutions are more reliable. This does not mean abandoning a transnational understanding of the radical right; rather, it calls for the opposite: the chapters examine how the radical right is invented, adapted, modified, and resisted in specific regions of the globe. This volume will be of interest to all those researching the radical right and the politics of development and the Global South"--, Provided by publisher
Table Of Contents
Cover -- Half Title -- Series Information -- Title Page -- Copyright Page -- Table of Contents -- Notes on Contributors -- Introduction: A New Radical Right in the Global South? -- Economic Development and Political Subjectivity -- Persistent Authoritarianism and Democratic Backsliding -- The Nuances of Nationalism for the Radical Right in the Global South -- Conservatism and Its Reactions -- A Note On the Book Confection -- Note -- References -- 1 Fascisms: A View From the South -- The Cultural Turn -- The Internationalist Turn -- Breaking the Consensus -- Fascism Outside Europe: Latin America -- Transnational Fascism -- Conclusion -- Notes -- References -- 2 India's Fascist Democracy -- Introduction -- Modi in Power -- Consolidating Power -- Conceptualising the Rise of the Right in India and Beyond -- Authoritarianism -- A Populist Resurgence -- Exclusionary Regime -- Ethnic Democracy -- Fascism -- A Fascist Democracy -- Ideational Themes Underpinning Democracy in India and Bihar Since 1989 -- Social Justice -- Hindu Nationalism -- Economic (neo-)liberalisation -- Material Consequences -- Conclusion -- Notes -- References -- 3 Left, Right, Left: Moving Beyond the Binary to Think Fascism in Africa -- Introduction -- Authoritarianism in Africa -- Left, Right, Left -- The EFF: Just a Jump to the Left? -- Populist Discursive Style of Anti-Imperialist Rhetoric -- Racialisation in the Definition of 'The People' and Its Enemies -- Violence as Method Eclipsing Politics -- Economic Predation -- Conclusion -- References -- 4 Populism in Emerging Economies: Authoritarian Politics, Labour Precariousness, and Aspirational Classes in Brazil, India… -- Introduction -- Aspirations Amidst Precariousness -- Turning Right? Class and Political Subjectivity -- Resentment and Beyond -- Final Remarks -- Notes -- References5 Populist Foreign Policies in the Global South: Comparing the Far-Right Identity-Set Between Brazil and India -- Introduction -- Populist Foreign Policies in the Global South -- Brazil's Foreign Policy Identity Under Bolsonaro -- India's Foreign Policy Identity Under Modi -- Conclusions -- Notes -- References -- 6 The Rise of the New Far Right in Latin America: Crisis of Globalization, Authoritarian Path Dependence and … -- Introduction -- The Neopatriotic Far Right: a Global Phenomenon -- Authoritarian Legacies and Civilian-Military Relations in Latin America -- The Neopatriotic Far Right and the Armed Forces in Brazil, Bolivia and Uruguay -- Conclusions -- References -- 7 Populism and Media in Duterte's Philippines -- Introduction -- Contextualising Duterte's Indomitable Popularity -- Historicising Duterte: Populism in the Philippines, 1913-2016 -- Populist Expression and Digital Communication in the Era of Duterte -- Democratic Backsliding in the Time of Duterte: Tense Relations With Media -- Conclusion: Learning From Duterte -- References -- 8 Political Mobilization in an Era of 'post-Truth Politics': Disinformation and the Hindu Right in India (1980s-2010s) -- Introduction -- Media Propaganda and the Hindu Right in the 1980s and 1990s -- The Modi Years: Social Media 'Trolls' and 'Astroturfing' -- Conclusion -- Notes -- References -- 9 Gender and Sexuality (Still) in Dispute: Effects of the Spread of "Gender Ideology" in Brazil -- Anti-gender Activism as Political Pedagogy -- Brief Genealogy of the Relations Between Religion and Political Activism in Latin America -- Gender Ideology in Brazil: The Moral Discourse as Political Technology -- Final Considerations -- Notes -- References -- 10 Archives of Neofascism: Charting Student Historical Debt in a Neoliberal University in South Africa -- IntroductionFraming the (Colonial/apartheid) Archive of Neofascism -- Can a Neoliberal University Be Decolonised? -- Notes -- References -- 11 Denialism as Government: Trust and Truth in a Post-Neoliberal Era -- The Neoliberal Use of Expertise to Deny Democratic Power -- A Crisis of Trust in Science -- The Class Struggle of Experts -- Conclusions and What Comes Next -- Note -- References -- 12 Notes On the Expressive Forms of the New Rights: A Dispute Over the Subjectivity of the Majorities -- I -- II -- III -- IV -- V -- VI -- VII -- Note -- References -- Index
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