European Parliament Library

Handbook of European intelligence cultures, [edited by] Bob de Graaff and James M. Nyce with Chelsea Locke

Handbook of European intelligence cultures, [edited by] Bob de Graaff and James M. Nyce with Chelsea Locke
Literary Form
non fiction
Main title
Handbook of European intelligence cultures
electronic resource
Nature of contents
Oclc number
Responsibility statement
[edited by] Bob de Graaff and James M. Nyce with Chelsea Locke
Series statement
Security and professional intelligence education series SPIES
As experts from the countries discussed, the contributors address the intelligence community rather than focusing on a single agency. Each entry looks at the environment in which an organization works, its actors, and cultural and ideological climate, to cover both the external and internal factors that influence a nation's intelligence community
Table Of Contents
List of abbreviations -- Introduction -- Albania: change and continuity -- Austria: an intelligence hub coming out of the shadows -- Belgium: a modern legal and policy framework for intelligence services with a long tradition -- Bosnia and Herzegovina: historical development of the intelligence and security system -- Bulgaria: a centenary unknown history --- Croatia: construction and deconstruction of the Croatian intelligence community (1990-2014) -- Czech Republic: the Czech parth between totalitarianism and democracy -- Denmark: from state security to security state. The invention of preventive security -- Estonia: intelligence and security in the 20th century -- Finland: the intelligence services in a cultural and historical context -- France: the intelligence services’historical and cultural context -- Germany: an intelligence community with a fraught history -- Greece: the need for modernization in an unstable environment -- Iceland: a small state learning the intelligence ropes -- Ireland: plus ca change, 1945-2015 -- Italy: from secret services to intelligence -- Lithuania: the challenge of merging the present and the past -- Luxembourg: a country which did not need an intelligence service? -- Montenegro: trends and patterns in the intelligence sector -- The Netherlands: allmost full circle -- Norway and the intelligence community: peaceful state, crucial geography, upheaval and reform -- Poland: the special services since the independence -- Portugal: peculiarities of the Portuguese intelligence services -- Romania: an introduction to its intelligence services -- Serbia: an awkward legacy -- Slovakia: state security and intelligence since 1945 -- Slovenia: the intelligence system, its development, and some key challenges -- Spain: intelligence in context today -- Sweden: delicate liaison -- Switzerland: intelligence in the new security paradigm -- Ukraine: KGB to security service of Ukraine (SBU) -- United Kingdom: organization and oversight after Snowden
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