European Parliament Library

Medicinal agroecology, reviews, case studies and research methodologies, edited by Immo Fiebrig

Label
Medicinal agroecology, reviews, case studies and research methodologies, edited by Immo Fiebrig
Language
eng
Bibliography note
Includes bibliographical references and index
Illustrations
illustrations
Index
index present
Literary Form
non fiction
Main title
Medicinal agroecology
Nature of contents
dictionariesbibliography
Oclc number
1379483677
Responsibility statement
edited by Immo Fiebrig
Sub title
reviews, case studies and research methodologies
Summary
Medicinal agroecology brings together the realms of medicinal plants and phytomedicine with the world of agroecology. This book aims to communicate the benefits of using natural solutions to manage the challenges of unsustainable practices in human healthcare, veterinary medicine, agriculture, and forestry
Table Of Contents
Cover -- Half Title -- Title Page -- Copyright Page -- Dedication -- Table of Contents -- The Editor -- List of Contributors -- Foreword One -- Literature -- Foreword Two -- Introduction to Medicinal Agroecology -- Literature -- Section I POLICIES and FRAMEWORKS -- 1 Building Medicinal Agroecology: Conceptual Grounding for Healing of Rifts -- 1. Introduction -- 2. All Things Are Connected: Humans in the Web of Life -- 3. Capitalism, the Epistemic Rift and the Erosion of People's Medicinal Knowledge -- 4. People's Health &amp -- (In)appropriate Diets -- 5. From Planetary Health to a Planetary Diet? -- 6. Conclusions -- References -- 2 Achieving Health Sovereignty With Medicinal Plants On an Agroecological Farm - From Theory to Practice -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Transition Towards Health Sovereignty With Medicinal Plants -- 3. Medicinal Plants in the Agroecological Farming Systems of Traditional Societies -- 3.1 Homegardens With Multi-Use Plants in Tanzania -- 3.2 Knowledge as a Key Element of Medicinal Plant Species' Use in Homegardens in Cuba -- 3.3 Women Manage Highly Biodiverse Homegardens in Ecuador -- 3.4 Farming Practices From the Middle Ages Preserved in Homegardens On the Iberian Peninsula -- 3.5 Agroecologically Managed MPs in Summary -- 4. Presence of Medicinal Plants On an Agroecological Farm -- 4.1 An Example of a Small-Scale Agroecological Farm Design With Diverse Vegetation Sites -- 4.2 The Medicinal Plant Species of the Different Vegetation Sites - a Manual -- 5. Conclusion -- 6. References -- Section II INSIGHTS and OVERVIEWS -- 3 Mucuna Pruriens Vs. Morbus Parkinson: Making the Case for Medicinal Supplements Within Medicinal Agroecology -- 1 Introduction -- 2 Parkinson`s Disease -- 2.1 Causes and Typology of PD -- 2.2 PD: Drug Treatments -- 2.2.1 Biochemistry and Pharmacology of LD and DP2.2.2 Disease Biochemistry and DP Metabolism -- 2.2.3 DP Agonists Within R&amp -- D Paradigms of Pharmaceutical Industry -- 2.3 Alternative PD Treatment With Mucuna Pruriens (MP) -- 2.3.1 Mucuna Pruriens L. (DC), Its Botany, Diversity, and Uses -- 2.3.2 MP as Part of Ancient, Traditional Medicine -- 2.3.3 Clinical Trial Preparation Made From MP Bean Powder -- 2.3.4 Patient No. 1: The Personal Diary -- 2.3.5 Feedback From 10 Years of Pharmaceutical Advice to PD Patients -- 2.3.6 MP, PD, and Clinical Experience -- 2.4 Other Medicinal Uses and Pharmacologic Effects -- 2.5 MP as Food Supplement -- 2.6 MP as Food -- 2.7 MP and Agroecology -- 3 Discussion -- 3.1 Top Global Pharma Companies -- 3.2 Herbal Pharma Companies -- 3.3 Current and Future Trends -- 3.3.1 Pipeline of Herbal Treatments Against PD -- 3.4 What Could Be the Future Role of Metabolomics? -- 4 Conclusions -- 4.1 Mucuna Pruriens and Medicinal Sovereignty -- 5 Acknowledgements -- 6 References -- 4 Valuing Hedgerows: Their Political Ecology and 'Medicinal' Role in Transitions to Agroecological Farming Systems in Lowland Britain -- 1 Introduction -- 2 Hedgerows: Definition, Political Ecology, and Relationship to Agrarian Capitalism/Productivism -- 2.1 Definition -- 2.2 Political Ecology and Relationship to Agrarian Capitalism/Productivism -- 3 Current Status of Hedgerows in Lowland Britain -- 4 Valuing Hedgerows -- 5 Current and Anticipated Agri-Environmental Policy Framework for Hedgerow Conservation -- 5.1 Current Policy -- 5.2 Anticipated Policy -- 6 The Need for a Holistic Perspective: Sustainability Through 'Political' Agroecology -- 7 References -- 5 Medicinal Tree Products Offer Therapeutic Benefits and Potential Diversification for Small Scale Agroforestry and Farm Woodlands: An Overview With Indications for Further Studies -- 1. Introduction -- 1.1 Demand and Choice of Species1.2 Supply and Cultivation Approaches -- 1.3 Quality Assessment -- 1.4 Research Approaches -- 2. Overview of Research Literature and Methods -- 2.1 Choosing Medicinal Tree Species -- 2.2 Cultivation and Harvest Returns -- 2.2.1 Alley Cropping -- 2.2.2 Forest Gardening -- 2.2.3 Farm Woodlands and Hedgerows -- 2.3 Assessing Quality - Certification and Analysis -- 3. Discussion -- 3.1 Choice of Species -- 3.2 Cultivation -- 3.3 Quality Issues -- 3.4 Further Benefits -- 4. Conclusion -- REFERENCES -- 6 The Potential Use of Steam Distillation Residues From Medicinal Plant Material as a Natural Agricultural Agent -- 1 Introduction -- 2 Availability and Chemical Facts About Hydrolates -- 2.1 Hydrolates in Plant Fortification and Protection -- 2.2 Nematicidal Effects -- 2.3 Antibacterial Effects -- 2.4 Antifungal Effects -- 2.5 Insecticidal Effects -- 2.6 Weed Control -- 3 Hydrolates for Stored Product Protection -- 4 Issues Regarding Hydrolate Application in Agricultural Practice -- 5 Effects of Hydrolates On Non-Target Organisms (In Field Applications) -- 6 Further Fields of Application -- 7 Conclusion and Future Prospects -- 8 Acknowledgment -- 9 References -- 7 "Farmacies" Are Integral to Agroecological Systems -- 1 Drawing Together the Knowledge -- 1.1 Agroecology and Health -- 1.2 Livestock and Health -- 1.3 Botanical Medicine and Livestock -- 1.4 Traditional and Local Knowledge of Animal Health -- 1.5 Science and Botanical Medicine -- 2 Creating the 'Farmacy' -- 2.1 Conversations -- 2.2 Layers -- 2.3 Visualisation -- 2.4 Animal Health -- 2.5 Incorporating Native Plants in a New Zealand Context -- 3 Further Thoughts -- 4 References -- 8 Tropical Trees and Shrubs for Healthy Agroecosystems,: Including Animal Health and Welfare -- 1 Introduction -- 1.1 Agroecosystems in the Context of Climate Change -- 1.2 Soil Contamination and Risks to Human Health1.2.1 Antibiotics: Effects On Environment and Soil -- 2 Importance of 'Nutraceutical' Trees and Shrubs in Latin America -- 2.1 Identification of Nutraceuticals in Practice -- 3 Trees and Shrubs as Nutraceuticals for Livestock On the Yucatan Peninsula -- 3.1 Trees and Shrubs in Animal Health -- 3.2 Considerations for the Sustainable Use of the Nutraceutical Resource -- 3.3 From Negative to Positive Food Production Systems -- 3.4 Integrating Trees and Shrubs in Livestock Production Systems -- 3.4.1 Productivity -- 3.4.2 Connectivity -- 3.4.3 Mitigation -- 4 Challenges and Priorities to Be Addressed -- 5 Conclusions and Recommendations -- 6 Acknowledgments -- 7 References -- Section III CASE STUDIES and RESEARCH METHODS -- 9 Conservation of Oligotrophic Grassland of High Nature Value (HNV) Through Sustainable Use of Arnica Montana in the Apuseni Mountains, Romania -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Arnica Montana - a Flagship Species -- 2.1. Arnica Montana and Its Medicinal Use -- 2.2. Arnica Montana and Its Habitat -- 3. Arnica Montana - Habitat Protection Through Use -- 3.1 Arnica System: From Concept to Practice -- 3.2 Sustainable Use of Arnica Montana: Development and Implementation -- 3.2.1. Oligotrophic Grasslands With Arnica Montana and Their Management -- 3.2.2. Approvals for Harvesting -- 3.2.3. Assessment of the Resource -- 3.2.4. Participatory Approach: Training of Harvesters -- 3.2.5. Harvesting and Purchasing of Arnica -- 3.2.6. Development of Processing and Drying -- 3.2.7. Monitoring and Research -- 3.2.8 Marketing -- 3.2.9. Product Certification -- 3.2.10. Reinvested Capital -- 3.3. Perspectives -- 4. Conclusions -- References -- 10 Ethno-Veterinary Science and Practices as an Alternative to Antibiotics for Certain Veterinary Diseases -- 1. Introduction -- 2. A Historical Perspective of Ethno-Veterinary Medicine3. Current Ethno-Veterinary Practices -- 4. Documentation and Rapid Assessment of EVP -- 4.1. Process of Assessment of Mastitis Is Given Below as an Example -- 4.1.1. Etiology -- 4.1.2. Clinical Features -- 4.1.3. Assessment of the Folk Herbal Formulation for Mastitis Using Ayurveda Principles -- 4.1.4. Western Pharmacology Assessment of Such Formulation -- 4.1.5. Validation of the Herbal Formulation for Mastitis -- 5.2.1 Contemporary Interpretation -- 5. Mainstreaming EVP -- 6. Conclusion -- Appendix 1 -- Appendix 2 -- Appendix 3 -- Appendix 4 -- MANAGEMENT -- TREATMENT -- Mouth and Udder Lesions -- Hoof Lesions -- Ethno-veterinary Medicines -- 7. Acknowledgments -- 8. References -- 11 Reverse Pharmacognosy: Traditional Knowledge Guided Assessment of Medicinal Plant Quality and Efficacy -- 1. Introduction -- 2. HTs and Medicinal Plants in India -- 3. Medicinal Plant Demand -- 4. Traditional Quality Standards (TQS) -- 5. Reverse Pharmacognosy -- 6. Research Outputs Using the Reverse Pharmacognosy Approach -- 6.1 Authentic Botanical Identity -- 6.2 Substitution -- 6.3 Best Collection Practices -- 6.4 Processing for Efficacy Enhancement -- 6.5 Processing for Detoxification -- 6.6 Usage -- 7. Discussion and Conclusions -- References -- 12 Technical Report: Effect-Directed Analysis (EDA) By High-Performance Thin-Layer Chromatography (HPTLC) - Principles of the Method to Detect Harmful and Beneficial Substances in Plant Material and the Environment -- 1 Motivation -- 2 Analytical Challenge -- 2.1 HPTLC: High-Performance Thin-Layer Chromatography -- 2.2 Chemical/physical Procedure of Instrumental Analysis -- 2.3 Effect Test (Directly On the Plate, in Situ) -- 2.4 Identification of Unknown Substances By Mass Spectrometry (MS) -- 3 Examples for Effect Directed Analysis -- 3.1 Enzyme Tests On the HPTLC Plate -- 3.1.1 Acetylcholinesterase Inhibition Test3.2 Application of Photobacteria
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