European Parliament Library

The age of catastrophe, a history of the West, 1914-1945, Heinrich August Winkler ; translated by Stewart Spencer

The age of catastrophe, a history of the West, 1914-1945, Heinrich August Winkler ; translated by Stewart Spencer
Bibliography note
Includes bibliographical references and index
index present
Literary Form
non fiction
Main title
The age of catastrophe
Nature of contents
Oclc number
Responsibility statement
Heinrich August Winkler ; translated by Stewart Spencer
Sub title
a history of the West, 1914-1945
Translation of the German original "Geschichte des Westens", Vol. 2 (2011).Characterized by global war, political revolution and national crises, the period between 1914 and 1945 was one of the most horrifying eras in the history of the West. A noted scholar of modern German history, Heinrich August Winkler examines how and why Germany so radically broke with the normative project of the West and unleashed devastation across the world. In this total history of the thirty years between the start of World War One and the dropping of atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Winkler blends historical narrative with political analysis and encompasses military strategy, national identity, class conflict, economic development and cultural change. The book includes astutely observed chapters on the United States, Japan, Russia, Britain, and the other European powers, and Winkler's distinctly European perspective offers insights beyond the accounts written by his British and American counterparts. As Germany takes its place at the helm of a unified Europe, Winkler's fascinating account will be widely read and debated for years to come
Table Of Contents
The twentieth century's seminal catastrophe: the First World War. Battles and war crimes: Military action 1914-16 ; War aims, ideological warfare, opposition to the war ; A year to remember: The Russian Revolution; the United States enters the war ; Freedom for civilized nations: Woodrow Wilson's new world order ; Two countries lie in ruins; one is reborn: Germany, Austria-Hungary and Poland as the end of the First World War ; Trust gambled away and violence unleashed: The legacy of the First World War--, From the Armistice to the world economic crisis : 1918-33. The pace of revolution slows: Germany on the way to the Weimar Republic ; A blighted new beginning: Austria and Hungary in 1918/19 ; The struggle for independence: Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, and Finland ; The east remains red: The Russian Civil War and the foundation of the third international ; The victors move to the right: The western powers on the eve of the Paris peace talks ; A fragile peace: From Versailles to the League of Nations ; Protest, prohibition, prosperity: The United States in the 1920s ; The international revolution is delayed: The rise of the Soviet Union and the divisions within left-wing parties in Europe ; Three elections and a secession: Post-war Britain ; Confrontations and compromises: France 1919-22 ; A year of decisions: 1923. From the occupation of the Ruhr to the Dawes Plan ; Right against left: Culture and society in the Weimar Republic ; Authoritarian transformation (I): the new states of Poland, , Czechoslovakia and the Baltic region ; Authoritarian transformation (II): From the Balkans to the Iberian peninsula ; Democracy evolves: From Sweden to Switzerland ; Fascism in power: Italy under Mussolini ; From Poincaré to Poincaré: France between 1923 and 1929 ; From empire to commonwealth: Britain under Baldwin ; From Dawes to Young: Germany under Stresemann ; Socialism in one county: The Soviet Union under Stalin 1924-33 ; Boom, crisis, depression: The United States 1928-33 ; The logic of the lesser evil: Germany under Brüning ; Stagnation and criticism of the system: France's Third Republic 1929-33 ; The power of continuity: Britain in the early 1930s ; Weimar's downfall: Hitler's road to power ; Storm clouds in the Far East: Japan invades Manchuria--, Democracies and dictatorships: 1933-9. A New Deal for America: Roosevelt's presidency 1933-6 ; The process of seizing power: the establishment of the National Socialist dictatorship 1933-4 ; Rome's second empire: Fascist Italy and the war in Abyssinia ; The Great Terror: Stalin builds up his dominion over the Soviet Union ; Setting the course for war: National Socialist Germany 1934-8 ; Early signs of appeasement: Britain 1933-8 ; Mobilization of the right, popular front on the left: France 1933-8 ; Battlefield extremes: The Spanish Civil War 1936-39 ; A model for Germany: The anti-Semitic policies of Fascist Italy ; Neighbors at risk: Czechoslovakia, Poland and the Third Reich 1935-8 ; Roosevelt's Realpolitik: The United States from 1936 to 1938 ; Reaching out across borders: From the Austrian Anschluss to the Munich Agreement ; The ninth of November 1938: The History and consequences of the Jewish pogroms in Germany ; An alliance of opposites: The Second World War is unleashed--, Fault lines in western civilization: The Second World War and the Holocaust. War as annihilation: The fifth partition of Poland ; From 'Drôle de guerre' to the battle for Norway ; France's collapse: The campaign in the west ; Tokyo, Washington, Berlin: A change in international politics 1940-41 ; From 'Barbarossa' to Pearl Harbor: The globalization of the war ; Genesis to genocide: The 'final solution' (I) ; A change of direction: The Axis powers go on the defensive ; Home fronts: Nations at war ; Occupation, collaboration, resistance (I): Eastern central Europe, South-east and North-west Europe ; Occupation, collaboration, resistance (II): France ; 'To cause this nation to vanish from the face of the earth': The 'final solution' (II) ; Collapse of a dictatorship: Italy 1943-4 ; The allies advance: Eastern Asia and Europe 1943-44 ; The twentieth of July 1944: German resistance to Hitler ; The partition of Europe (I): The Allie's post-war plans ; Completion of a mission; The 'final so, lution' (III) ; The end of the war (I): The fall of the Third Reich ; The partition of Europe (II): Radical changes and deportations ; New beginnings and traditions: Germany after capitulation ; Potsdam: the decision of the three great powers ; The end of the war (II): The atom bomb and Japan's capitulation ; Guilt and atonement: The Caesura of 1945 (I) ; West, east, third world: The Caesura of 1945 (II) -- From world war to world war : retrospective of an exceptional period
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