European Parliament Library

Proof and the burden of proof in international investment law, Giulio Alvaro Cortesi

Label
Proof and the burden of proof in international investment law, Giulio Alvaro Cortesi
Language
eng
Index
no index present
Literary Form
non fiction
Main title
Proof and the burden of proof in international investment law
Nature of contents
dictionaries
Responsibility statement
Giulio Alvaro Cortesi
Series statement
European Yearbook of International Economic Law,, 24, 2364-8406European yearbook of international economic law,, 24
Summary
International investment arbitration has been dubbed the “Antarctica” of international procedural law. This book explores international investment arbitration (IIA) using the searchlight of comparative analysis. Further, it provides answers to several questions, such as the role of ICJ judgments and WTO decisions as a source of inspiration for how proof and the burden of proof are approached in IIA. By investigating various evidence-related issues, the book also sheds light on overarching questions including the role of IIA as a subsystem of international economic law
Table Of Contents
Intro -- Acknowledgements -- Contents -- Chapter 1: Introduction -- 1.1 Literature Review -- 1.2 Research Questions and Methodology -- References -- Authors -- Articles -- Chapter 2: The Burden of Proof and Its Exceptions -- 2.1 The Origins and Definition of the Principle of onus probandi incumbit actori: Between Common and Civil Legal Tradition -- 2.2 Identifying the Party Bearing the Burden of Proof -- 2.3 Onus probandi incumbit eius quid dicit: A First Conclusion -- 2.4 Exceptions to the Application of the Rule of onus probandi incumbit eius quid dicit -- 2.4.1 Burden of Proof and Default of a Party -- 2.4.2 Notorious Facts and Factual Investigations by the Tribunal -- 2.4.3 Iura novit curia -- 2.4.4 Burden of Proof Concerning Jurisdictional Issues -- 2.4.5 Burden of Proof and the Issue of Bifurcation of the Arbitration Proceeding -- 2.4.5.1 La raison d´être of Preliminary Objections in General International Law -- 2.4.5.2 The Limited Exceptions Which Justify the Possibility to Join Preliminary Issues to the Merit -- 2.4.5.3 The Approach of the Court in the Case Certain Iranian Assets -- 2.4.5.4 Concluding Remarks on the Approach of the ICJ to the Treatment of Preliminary Objections -- 2.4.5.5 The Issue of Bifurcation in International Investment Arbitration: The Need for a Guidance -- 2.5 The Exceptions to the Rule onus probandi incumbit eius quid dicit: Some Practical and Theoretical Conclusions -- References -- Authors -- Articles -- Chapter 3: Presumptions -- 3.1 General Notions Concerning Presumptions -- 3.2 Specific Presumptions -- 3.2.1 Presumption That States Respect the Law in General and International Law in Particular (omnia rite esse acta praesumuntu... -- 3.2.2 The Responsibility of the State Is Not to be Presumed -- 3.2.3 Presumption of Nationality (of Natural Persons) -- 3.3 Presumptions: A Preliminary Conclusion -- ReferencesAuthors -- Articles -- Chapter 4: The Admissibility of Evidence -- 4.1 The General Principle of Freedom of Admission of Evidence by an International Tribunal -- 4.2 Limits of the General Principle of Free Appreciation of Evidence -- 4.2.1 The Limit of Relevance -- 4.2.2 The Limit of Materiality -- 4.2.3 General Limitations on Admissibility: A First Conclusion -- 4.3 Admissibility in the Strict Sense -- 4.3.1 Inadmissibility of Evidence Obtained Through Violation of International Law, State Secrets, or Professional Confidential... -- 4.3.2 ICJ Guidance on the Issue of Settlement Privilege -- 4.3.3 Evidence Produced After the Expiry of the Time Limit Set by the Tribunal -- 4.3.4 False Evidence and New Evidence Discovered After the Award -- 4.4 Admissibility of Evidence: The ICJ Guidance: A Preliminary Conclusion -- References -- Authors -- Articles -- Chapter 5: The Taking of Evidence -- 5.1 The Applicable Legal Framework for the Taking of Evidence -- 5.1.1 Equalities of Parties Before International Investment Tribunals: The Institute of International Law Resolution 2019 and ... -- 5.1.2 The Relevance of Good Faith and the Possible Guiding Role of ICJ and WTO Case Law -- 5.2 Documentary Evidence -- 5.2.1 Document Production and Legal Privileges -- 5.2.2 The Consequence of Non-Production of Documents: Adverse Inference in ICSID Practice -- 5.3 Testimonial Evidence -- 5.3.1 Testimonial Evidence of a Fact -- 5.3.2 Factual Testimony and de relato Testimony (Hearsay Evidence) -- 5.3.3 Reluctant Witnesses and the Search for Evidence Abroad -- 5.3.4 Expert Testimony -- 5.4 The Gathering of Documental and Testimonial Evidence: A Preliminary Conclusion -- References -- Authors -- Articles -- Chapter 6: Evaluation of Evidence -- 6.1 The Principle of Free Appreciation of Evidence -- 6.2 Limitations of the Principle of Free Appreciation and Legal Presumptions6.3 Maxims of Experience in Evidence Evaluation -- 6.3.1 Source of Evidence -- 6.3.2 Evaluation of Press Articles and Reports -- 6.3.3 Evaluation of Affidavits of Non-appearing Witnesses -- 6.3.4 Method of Evidence Taking -- 6.4 Evaluation of Evidence: A Preliminary Conclusion -- References -- Authors -- Articles -- Chapter 7: The Standard of Proof -- 7.1 Standard of Proof: General Features -- 7.1.1 Preponderance of Evidence -- 7.1.2 Proof in a Convincing Manner -- 7.1.3 Proof Beyond a Reasonable Doubt -- 7.2 Variation of the Standard of Proof Depending on Particular Elements -- 7.2.1 Variation of the Standard of Proof Depending on the Stages of the Proceedings -- 7.2.2 Variation of the Standard of Proof Depending on Judicial Function -- 7.2.3 Variation of the Standard of Proof Depending on the Content of the Breached Rule -- 7.2.4 Variation of the Standard of Proof Depending on the Difficulty for a Party to Gather the Necessary Evidence -- 7.2.5 The Standard of Proof Concerning Damages -- 7.3 Standard of Proof: A Preliminary Conclusion -- References -- Authors -- Articles -- Chapter 8: Conclusion -- References -- Authors -- Articles -- Cases -- I.C.J. -- P.C.I.J. -- ICSID -- PCA -- SCC -- WTO -- Cases Decided by Other International Tribunals -- National Tribunals -- Other Documents
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