European Parliament Library

Environmental law & policy in India, cases and materials, Shyam Divan, Armin Rosencranz

Label
Environmental law & policy in India, cases and materials, Shyam Divan, Armin Rosencranz
Language
eng
Illustrations
illustrations
Index
no index present
Literary Form
non fiction
Main title
Environmental law & policy in India
Nature of contents
dictionaries
Responsibility statement
Shyam Divan, Armin Rosencranz
Sub title
cases and materials
Summary
This book scrutinizes almost every aspect of environmental law concerned with constitutional and legislative provisions, judicial remedies, and procedures
Table Of Contents
Cover -- Environmental Law &amp -- Policy in India -- Copyright -- Dedication -- PREFACE -- FROM THE PREFACE TO THE 2ND EDITION -- ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS -- SUMMARY CONTENTS -- TABLE OF CONTENTS -- Common Abbreviations -- Table of Cases -- 1. INTRODUCTION -- A. Environmental Regulation Since 2000: An Overview -- I. The Plastic Cow -- II. The Regulatory Stew -- III. The Judge as Regulator: Trend- Lines -- IV. Statutory and Judicial Developments since 2000 -- B. Environment, Development and Democracy -- C. Special Features of Environmental Law -- D. Courts, Tribunals and the Environment -- I. Features of the Judicial Process -- II. The High Courts and The Supreme Court -- III. The National Green Tribunal -- IV. The Bar -- 2. ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY IN INDIA -- A. Introduction -- I. What is Environmental Policy -- II. The Courts and Policy -- B. Natural Resources, Policy and Public Trust -- C. Early Environmental Legislation -- I. Water Pollution -- II. Wildlife -- D. Survey of Environmental Policy Since the 1970s -- E. The National Environment Policy of 2006 -- F. The Forest Rights Act -- 3. CONSTITUTIONAL PROVISIONS -- A. Constitutional Provisions and the Environment -- I. Fundamental Norms -- Public Trust Doctrine -- Eco- centrism -- Sustainable Development -- II. Division of Legislative Authority -- III. The Forty- Second Constitutional Amendment -- IV. The Directive Principles of State Policy -- V. Article 253 and Environmental Legislation -- VI. Federalism: Some Issues -- B. Environmental Protection and Fundamental Rights -- I. The Right to a Wholesome Environment -- II. The Right to Livelihood -- III. The Right to Equality -- IV. Freedom to Trade vis- à- vis Environmental Protection -- 4. LEGISLATIVE PROVISIONS -- A. Interpretation of Environmental Statutes -- B. Digest of Environmental LegislationI. The Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act of 1981 -- II. The Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act of 1974 -- III. The Wild Life (Protection) Act of 1972 -- IV. The Public Liability Insurance Act of 1991 -- V. The Mines and Minerals (Regulation and Development) Act of 1957 -- VI. The Indian Forest Act of 1927 -- VII. The Forest (Conservation) Act of 1980 -- VIII. The Scheduled Tribes and Other Traditional Forest Dwellers (Recognition of Forest Rights) Act of 2006 -- IX. The Compensatory Afforestation Fund Act of 2016 -- X. The Insecticides Act of 1968 -- XI. The Biological Diversity Act of 2002 -- XII. The Atomic Energy Act of 1962 -- XIII. The Civil Liability for Nuclear Damage Act of 2010 -- XIV. The Factories Act of 1948 -- C. The Environment (Protection) Act of 1986 -- I. The Scope of the Act -- II. Delegated Legislation -- Pollution Control -- Hazardous Substance Regulation -- Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) -- Waste Regulation -- Coast, Wetlands and Protection of Ecologically Sensitive Areas -- Other Delegated Legislation -- III. Sections 3 and 5 of the EPA -- IV. Violations and Penalties under the Act -- V. Enforcement of the Act -- 5. NATIONAL GREEN TRIBUNAL -- A. Introduction -- B. Objects of the NGT Act -- C. Constitution of the NGT -- D. Changes Brought About by the Finance Act of 2017 -- E. Jurisdiction of the NGT -- I. The Techi Tagi Tara Case -- II. The All Dimasa Students Union Case -- III. The Sridevi Datla Case -- F. Suo Motu Jurisdiction and Judicial Review -- G. Illustrative Decisions by the Tribunal -- I. The Rohtang Pass Case -- II. The MV Rak Case -- III. The JNPT Case -- IV. The Art of Living Case -- V. The Great Indian Bustard Case (NGT) -- 6. JUDICIAL REMEDIES AND PROCEDURES -- A. Tort Law -- I. Damages and Injunction -- Damages -- InjunctionII. Nuisance, Negligence, Strict Liability and Absolute Liability -- Nuisance -- Negligence -- Strict Liability -- Absolute Liability -- B. Public Nuisance -- C. The Writ Jurisdiction -- I. Source of the Writ Jurisdiction -- II. Writs of Mandamus, Prohibition and Certiorari -- III. Limitations on the Writ Jurisdiction -- IV. Articles 32 and 226 -- V. Judicial Review and Special Considerations -- VI. Writ Jurisdiction vis- à- vis the NGT's Powers -- D. Statutory Remedies -- 7. PUBLIC INTEREST LITIGATION -- A. Characteristics and Evolution -- B. Critique of PIL -- C. Judicial Theory and Practice -- D. PILs and Criminal Law -- E. Should Rivers Have Rights? -- F. Right to Information and Other Procedural Rights -- 8. WATER POLLUTION CONTROL -- A. Water Resources and Public Trust -- B. Water Pollution: Scope of the Problem -- C. The Water Act -- I. Framework of the Water Act -- II. Constitutional Challenges to Section 33 Restraining Orders -- III. Criminal Liability -- IV. The Repealed Water Cess Act -- D. The Environment (Protection) Act -- E. Nuisance Law and Water Pollution -- I. Public Nuisance Actions Under the Code of Criminal Procedure -- II. Injunctive Relief Under Common Law -- F. Riparian Rights and Water Pollution -- G. Administrative Action to Clean the Ganga -- H. The Ganga Pollution cases -- I. River Pollution -- I. The Noyyal -- II. The Khari -- III. The Yamuna -- J. Lakes -- K. Groundwater -- 9. AIR POLLUTION CONTROL -- A. Scope of the Problem -- B. The Statutes -- C. Air Act Cases -- D. The Aravalli Hills, Stone Quarrying, Stubble Burning, Fireworks -- I. Aravalli Hills -- II. Stone Quarrying -- III. Stubble Burning -- IV. Fireworks -- E. Preserving the Taj Mahal -- F. Vehicular Pollution -- I. Statutory Provisions -- II. Vehicular Pollution Cases -- M C Mehta (Motor Vehicles Case) -- Vardhaman Kaushik's Case (NGT) -- G. Noise PollutionI. Statutes -- II. Noise Pollution Cases -- 10. FORESTS -- A. Forest Laws -- B. The Forest Conservation Case -- C. The Dehradun Quarrying Litigation -- D. Mineral Extraction in Forests -- I. Vedanta -- II. Iron Ore Mining -- Karnataka -- Goa -- Odisha -- E. Forests and Development -- I. The Lafarge Case -- II. The Okhla Bird Sanctuary Case -- III. The Godrej Case -- IV. Punjab Land Preservation Act -- V. The Kant Enclave Case -- VI. Kerala -- 11. WILDLIFE PROTECTION -- A. Introduction -- B. The Wild Life Act: Scope and Implementation -- C. Eco- centrism, Endangered Species and Poaching -- I. The Asiatic Wild Buffalo Case -- II. The Sandalwood Case -- III. The Great Indian Bustard Case (SC) -- IV. Poaching -- V. Animal Trophies -- D. Forest Dwellers and Parks -- I. Pre- Forest Rights Act -- II. Forest Rights Act -- E. Commercial Interests and Protected Areas -- I. Sariska -- II. Kolleru -- III. Jamnagar -- IV. Kudremukh -- V. Sukhna -- VI. The Elephant Corridor Case -- 12. URBAN PROBLEMS -- A. Right to the City -- The Mumbai Mill Lands Case -- B. Principles of Planning Law -- I. Pune -- II. Indore -- III. Delhi -- IV. Surat -- C. Uneven Implementation -- I. Shanti Sports Club -- II. Campa Cola Compound -- III. Suresh Estates -- IV. Lutyens' Bungalow Zone -- V. Delhi Bus Depot -- VI. Calcutta Taj Hotel -- D. Public Parks -- E. Solid Waste Management -- F. Translocation of Industries -- G. Heritage -- The Central Vista Case -- 13. ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT -- A. The EIA Regime -- I. The Framework: 1994- 2006 -- II. The 2006 Framework -- III. EIA at Ground Level -- IV. Appellate and Judicial Oversight -- V. Resettlement and Rehabilitation -- VI. EIA &amp -- Sompeta Thermal Plant -- B. The Supreme Court on EIA -- I. The Okhla Bird Sanctuary Case -- II. The Riverbed Sand Mining Cases -- III. The Sterlite Case -- IV. The Talaulicar &amp -- Sons CaseV. The Electrotherm Case -- VI. The Goel Ganga Case -- VII. The Goa Airport Cases -- Mopa - 1 -- Mopa - 2 -- VIII. The Central Vista Case -- IX. The Alembic Case -- 14. LARGE PROJECTS -- A. Introduction -- B. Land Acquisition -- C. The Silent Valley Project -- D. The Tehri Dam Project -- E. The Narmada Valley Project -- F. River Interlinking -- G. Power Projects -- I. Nuclear -- II. Hydro -- III. Thermal -- H. Other Projects -- 15. THE COAST, WETLANDS AND SENSITIVE AREAS -- A. Protecting the Coastal Region -- I. Marine Pollution -- II. Ocean Resources -- III. Coastal Development -- Pre- 1991 -- CRZ 1991 -- Diluting CRZ 1991 -- IV. The Shrimp Culture Case -- CRZ 2011 &amp -- IPZ 2011 -- CRZ 2019 &amp -- Icrz 2019 -- V. Kerala Cases -- Vembanad Backwaters -- VI. The DLF Case -- VII. The Maradu Municipality Case -- VIII. Mangroves -- IX. Coastal Industry -- X. Lakshadweep -- XI. Sand Mining -- B. Wetlands -- I. East Kolkata Wetlands -- II. Critiquing the Court -- III. Chennai Wetlands -- IV. Tanks -- C. Ecologically Sensitive Areas -- 16. REGULATION OF HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCES -- A. Legislative Framework -- B. The Shriram Gas Leak Case -- C. Hazardous Substance Cases -- I. The Fact Case -- II. The Bichhri Case -- III. The Research Foundation Case -- D. Pesticide and Radiation Cases -- I. Pesticide Cases -- II. Radiation Cases -- E. The Legal History and Implications of the Bhopal Gas Tragedy -- I. Introduction -- II. The Disaster -- III. Environmental Degradation and Genetic Damage -- IV. Union Carbide's Liability -- V. The Bhopal Act -- VI. American Litigation -- VII. Interim Compensation -- VIII. The Settlement -- IX. The Criminal Proceedings -- X. The Role of the State -- XI. The Pandemic and the Victims -- XII. Conclusion -- 17. INTERNATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL LAW AND GLOBAL ISSUES -- A. Introduction -- B. India's International ObligationsIndia's Treaty Obligations
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