European Parliament Library

The rating agencies and their credit ratings, what they are, how they work and why they are relevant, Herwig M. Langohr, Patricia T. Langohr

The rating agencies and their credit ratings, what they are, how they work and why they are relevant, Herwig M. Langohr, Patricia T. Langohr
Bibliography note
Includes bibliographical references and index
index present
Literary Form
non fiction
Main title
The rating agencies and their credit ratings
electronic resource
Nature of contents
Oclc number
Responsibility statement
Herwig M. Langohr, Patricia T. Langohr
Series statement
Wiley finance series
Sub title
what they are, how they work and why they are relevant
Credit rating agencies play a critical role in capital markets, guiding the asset allocation of institutional investors as private capital moves freely around the world in search of the best trade-off between risk and return. However, they have also been strongly criticised for failing to spot the Asian crisis in the early 1990's, the Enron, WorldCom and Parmalat collapses in the early 2000's and finally for their ratings of subprime-related structured finance instruments and their role in the current financial crisis. This book is a guide to ratings, the ratings industry and the mechanics
Table Of Contents
The Rating Agencies and their Credit Ratings; Contents; Foreword; Preface; 1 Introduction; 1.1 Context and Premises; 1.1.1 The Benchmarking of Default Prospects Remains Deeply Rooted in Business Analysis; 1.1.2 Credit Ratings Play a Unique Role in Overcoming Information Asymmetries on the Information Exchanges; 1.1.3 Under the Spotlight as Unique Infomediaries, the CRAs became Strictly Regulated; 1.2 Book Chapters; 1.3 Supporting Materials; Part A Credit Rating Foundations; 2 Credit Ratings; 2.1 The World of Corporate Defaults; 2.1.1 What are Corporate Defaults?2.1.2 The Drivers of Corporate Defaults 2.1.3 Recovery Rates from Defaults; 2.2 Credit Rating Scales; 2.2.1 Fundamental Ordinal Credit Rating Scales; 2.2.2 Rating Scales and Observed Bond Market Credit Spreads; 2.2.3 Market-Implied Cardinal Rating Scales and Default Probabilities; 2.3 The Interpretation of Credit Ratings; 2.3.1 Interpreting from the Scale; 2.3.2 Correctly Interpreting versus Misinterpreting Ratings; 2.3.3 Special Issues; 2.4 Credit Ratings: Summary and Conclusions; 3 The Raison d'Etre of Credit Ratings and their Market3.1 Needs for Credit Ratings - or the Demand Side of Ratings 3.1.1 Principals: Issuers/Borrowers; 3.1.2 Principals: Fixed Income Investors; 3.1.3 Prescribers; 3.2 Credit Ratings as a Solution to Information Asymmetry: Economic Analysis; 3.2.1 Economics of Ratings: Intuition; 3.2.2 Economics of Ratings: Analysis; 3.2.3 The E conomic Analysis of Ratings: Summary and Implications; 3 .3 Credit Rating Segments - or Scale and Scope of the Rated Universe; 3.3.1 Industry Segments or Type of Rated Issuers; 3.3.2 Product Segments or Types of Rated Issues3.3.3 Geographical Segments or Location of the Obligor 3.4 Summary; 3.5 Technical Appendix; 4 How to Obtain and Maintain a Credit Rating; 4.1 The Rating Preparation; 4.1.1 The Issuer Client; 4.1.2 The Rating Adviser-Intermediary; 4.1.3 The Credit Rating Agency Supplier; 4.2 The Rating; 4.2.1 The Rating Action; 4.2.2 Rating Follow-Up; 4.2.3 The Rating Agreement; 4.3 Quality of the Rating Process; 4.3.1 Objectivity; 4.3.2 Diligence; 4.3.3 Transparency; Part B Credit Rating Analysis; 5 The France Telecom Credit Rating Cycle: 1995-20045.1 From Sovereign Status to Near Speculative Grade (1995-2002)5.1.1 How Sovereign Aaa Status of June 1995 Adjusts to Corporate Aa1 in July 1996; 5.1.2 A Company that went Public on Aa1 Status in October 1997 is Downgraded to Aa2 in December 1999; 5.1.3 Rapid Extension of FT's Reach and Two Notches Downgrade to A1 in September 2000; 5.1.4 A Wake-up Call: the Orange IPO and Surprise Two Notches Downgrade to A3 in February 2001; 5.1.5 The Slide Downward to Baa1 in September 2001; 5.1.6 Looming Crisis and Two Notches Downgrade to Baa3 in June 20025.2 Turning Point and Rating Recovery (Fall 2002-Winter 2004)
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