European Parliament Library

OECD Development Co‑operation Peer Reviews

Label
OECD Development Co‑operation Peer Reviews
Language
eng
Literary Form
non fiction
Main title
OECD Development Co‑operation Peer Reviews
Nature of contents
dictionaries
Summary
The OECD's Development Assistance Committee (DAC) conducts peer reviews of individual members once every five to six years. The United States has led with substantial ODA contributions in response to multiple crises
Table Of Contents
Intro -- Foreword -- Acknowledgements -- Table of contents -- Abbreviations and acronyms -- Annual average exchange rate: 1 USD = EUR -- Executive summary -- The DAC's recommendations to the United States -- Infographic 1. Highlights from the 2022 Development Co-operation Peer Review of the UnitedStates -- Infographic 2. United States' development co-operation at a glance -- Findings and recommendations -- Context of the peer review of the United States -- Political and economic context -- Development co-operation system -- A coherent whole-of-government policy -- Development co-operation is an important dimension of national security and a leading instrument of US foreign policy -- A whole-of-government development policy and refreshed institutional arrangements would provide unity of purpose to US efforts -- The 2030 Agenda provides a ready framework for the United States to agree to global development priorities and to exercise global leadership -- More effective co-ordination across and between US government agencies can achieve greater interagency coherence -- Articulating a strategic vision for US development co-operation -- Coherence between domestic policies and development objectives -- The United States is ideally placed to advance global public goods and address global challenges at home and abroad -- Opportunities exist to do more to address negative spillover effects on development and advance sustainable development globally -- Achieving policy coherence requires a strategic vision, political leadership and effective mechanisms and tools -- Fit-for-purpose development co-operation system -- The United States is a generous multilateral partner that could further leverage its partnerships in partner countries -- Establishing the Development Finance Corporation and expanding official finance instruments face some challengesMost foreign aid is congressionally earmarked and directed, limiting the government's flexibility on how funds are spent -- Reconciling executive and legislative priorities with those of partner countries is complex and not helped by pre-obligation requirements and appropriations late in the fiscal year -- Matching human resources to agency needs is a work in progress -- The United States is committed to using evidence but could enhance learning through strategic evaluation and sharing knowledge across interagency members -- Localisation -- The United States has strong foundations for localisation, but needs clarity of purpose to support the ambitious vision -- Increasing local partner funding needs to be context specific and supported by a coherent strategy -- Developing a stronger country-led approach should be central to locally led development -- Locally led development changes the power dynamic of traditional approaches -- Building the evidence base for systems that support localisation should complement progress on reforming the internal incentives -- Being fit for fragility -- The United States provides substantial support to fragile contexts backed by a new set of policy priorities -- Despite the United States' stated focus on peace and conflict prevention, only humanitarian assistance is increasing and the scope of the Global Fragility Act is limited -- The United States is well prepared for crises and conflicts but is less well equipped for recovery and peace -- Regional programmes remain a challenge in practice -- The long-term development impact of sanction regimes is overlooked -- References -- Notes -- Annex A. Progress since the 2016 DAC peer review recommendations -- Annex B. Organisations consulted during the peer review -- United States public institutions -- Multilateral institutionsCivil society, academic and private sector institutions -- Authorities, development partners and other stakeholders in Indonesia -- Authorities, development partners and other stakeholders in Kenya
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OECD Development Co‑operation Peer Reviews
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