European Parliament Library

OECD Public Governance Reviews Mobilising Evidence for Good Governance Taking Stock of Principles and Standards for Policy Design, Implementation and Evaluation

Label
OECD Public Governance Reviews Mobilising Evidence for Good Governance Taking Stock of Principles and Standards for Policy Design, Implementation and Evaluation
Language
eng
Literary Form
non fiction
Main title
OECD Public Governance Reviews Mobilising Evidence for Good Governance Taking Stock of Principles and Standards for Policy Design, Implementation and Evaluation
Nature of contents
dictionaries
Oclc number
1260345105
Series statement
OECD public governance reviews
Summary
Governments are seeking to improve evidence-based policy making as well as trust in decision-making processes. This report offers a first global mapping of principles for the good governance of evidence in policy making, as well as standards of evidence from a significant range of OECD countries and international research bodies
Table Of Contents
Intro -- Foreword -- Acknowledgements -- Table of contents -- Executive summary -- 1 Introduction -- The role of quality evidence to support evidence-informed policy-making -- What are the challenges of contemporary policy-making? -- Defining the role of evidence and evidence-informed policy-making -- The role of the use of evidence in improving public sector effectiveness -- Achieving the promise of evidence-informed policy-making -- The need to create a supportive institutional environment -- Promoting the use of evidence and improving the evidence to policy interface through knowledge brokerage -- The need for standards of evidence to bring coherence to policy making processes -- Ensuring the good governance of evidence -- Goal and focus of this report -- Methodology -- Conceptual framework -- Desk research -- Engaging with experts -- Country coverage -- Principles for the Good Governance of Evidence -- Standards of evidence -- Consolidated overview of the principles and standards -- Principles for the good governance of evidence -- Appropriate evidence for the policy concern -- Ensuring integrity (honest brokerage) -- Accountability -- Contestability -- Public representation in decision-making -- Transparency in the use of evidence -- Building evidence through emerging technologies and mobilising data -- Standards of evidence -- Standards concerning evidence synthesis. -- Theory of change and logic underpinning an intervention: Should the intervention work? -- Design and development of policies and programmes: Can it work? -- Efficacy of an intervention: Does it work? -- Effectiveness of interventions: Does it work in the real world? -- Cost effectiveness of interventions: Is it worth it? -- Implementation and scale up of interventions -- References -- Notes -- 2 Principles for the good governance of evidenceAppropriate evidence for the policy concern -- Why is it important? -- Summary of the mapping of existing approaches -- Evidence that addresses the multiple policy concerns at stake -- Evidence that best informs policy goals -- Evidence that is applicable to the local policy context -- Ensuring integrity (honest brokerage) -- Why is it important? -- Summary of the mapping of existing approaches -- Honest brokerage -- Humility -- Ethical conduct -- Conflicts of interest -- Addressing the risk of capture and bias in the policy process -- Accountability -- Why is it important? -- Summary of Mapping Approaches -- Clear Roles of Policy Makers and Advisors in the Evidentiary Advisory Process -- Leadership in the Evidentiary Advisory Process -- Contestability -- Why is it important? -- Summary of the mapping of existing approaches -- Processes for when evidence is uncertain and contested. -- Processes for stakeholder engagement in participatory evidence assessments and recommendations -- Public representation in decision making -- Why is it important? -- Summary of the mapping of existing approaches -- Stakeholder and public consultations -- Stakeholder Engagement in Evidence Synthesis -- Transparency in the use of evidence -- Why is it important? -- Summary of the mapping of existing approaches -- Transparency of decision making -- Transparency in disclosing information -- Building evidence through emerging technologies and mobilising data -- Why is it important? -- Summary of the mapping of existing approaches -- Achieving the promise of emerging technologies through appropriate institutional set ups -- Developing frameworks and principles for the data governance -- Balancing the dynamics of innovation and new technologies through good governanceThe development of principles for the use of emerging technologies and new data and their impact on evidence-informed policymaking -- References -- Notes -- 3 Standards of Evidence: Mapping the experience in OECD countries -- Introduction -- What are standards of evidence for? -- Assessing the strength of evidence of an intervention -- Assessing bodies of evidence -- Reviewing the evidence base for an intervention -- Supporting the development of an intervention -- What forms of evidence are covered by standards of evidence? -- What are the seven issues covered in the standards of evidence? -- Evidence Synthesis -- Why is it important? -- Summary of the mapping of existing approaches -- Standards for assessing the quantity and quality of existing reviews. -- Standards for executing evidence synthesis -- Standards for setting up and scoping a review -- Standards for searching research -- Standards for rating the quality of evidence and strength of recommendations -- Theory of Change and Logic Model underpinning the programme -- Why is it important? -- Summary of the mapping of existing approaches -- Standards concerning theory of change -- Standards concerning the logic model underpinning an intervention -- Design and Development of Programmes -- Why is it important? -- Summary of the mapping of existing approaches -- Standards for establishing the feasibility of an intervention -- Standards for piloting the outcomes of an intervention -- Research and Evaluation design -- Sample -- Measurement -- Approach to analysis -- Findings and conclusions -- Efficacy of an Intervention -- Why is it important? -- Summary of the mapping of existing approaches -- Evaluation design -- Sample -- Measurements -- Approach to analysis -- Findings and impacts -- Effectiveness of Interventions -- Why is it important? -- Summary of the mapping of existing approachesEvaluation design -- Sample -- Measurements -- Approach of analysis -- Finding and impacts -- A postscript on systems-based approaches to evaluation -- Cost (effectiveness) of Interventions -- Why is it important? -- Summary of the mapping of existing approaches -- Cost information -- Cost rating or assessment -- Standards concerning economic evaluations -- Standards for framing an economic evaluation -- Standards for identifying the programme/policy impacts -- Standards for estimating programme costs -- Standards for valuing the costs and benefits of programmes -- Standards for handling estimate uncertainty -- Standards for reporting the results of economic evaluations -- Implementation and Scale up of Interventions -- Why is it important? -- Summary of the mapping of existing approaches -- Standards concerning the delivery and implementation of an intervention -- Experiences of the implementation of an intervention -- Standards concerning the dissemination readiness and system readiness -- References -- Notes -- 4 Conclusion -- What has this report achieved? -- Opportunities for future work -- References -- Note -- Annex A. Overview of the principles for the use of evidence across jurisdictions -- Annex B. Mapping of Existing Standards of Evidence across a Range of Jurisdictions
Classification
Content
Other version
Mapped to