European Parliament Library

Handbook of critical studies of artificial intelligence, edited by Simon Lindgren (professor of sociology and director, DIGSUM Centre for Digital Social Research, Umeå University, Sweden)

Handbook of critical studies of artificial intelligence, edited by Simon Lindgren (professor of sociology and director, DIGSUM Centre for Digital Social Research, Umeå University, Sweden)
Bibliography note
Includes bibliographical references and index
index present
Literary Form
non fiction
Main title
Handbook of critical studies of artificial intelligence
Nature of contents
Oclc number
Responsibility statement
edited by Simon Lindgren (professor of sociology and director, DIGSUM Centre for Digital Social Research, Umeå University, Sweden)
"As artificial intelligence (AI) continues to seep into more areas of society and culture, critical social perspectives on its technologies are more urgent than ever before. Bringing together state-of-the-art research from experienced scholars across disciplines, this Handbook provides a comprehensive overview of the current state of critical AI studies. Moving beyond narrow technological definitions of AI, the Handbook provides readers with an in-depth understanding of its social, ethical, and political implications. Chapters cover a broad range of timely issues related to AI, including the risk of bias and discrimination in its systems, its impact on democracy and governance, concerns surrounding privacy and surveillance, and the use of its technologies in decision-making processes. Underscoring the urgent need for deeper critical analyses of AI, the Handbook constitutes a major contribution to the ongoing discussion about what critical studies of AI can entail, what questions they may pose, and what concepts they can offer to address them. Rich in theoretical and empirical analysis, this cutting-edge Handbook will prove an invaluable resource for students and scholars of digital sociology and science and technology studies. Its extensive coverage of this emerging field will also appeal to practitioners, developers, and policymakers seeking orientation in the complex social and political dynamics of AI"--, Provided by publisher
Table Of Contents
Contents: 1. Introducing critical studies of artificial intelligence / Simon Lindgren -- Part I. AI and critical theory: Conceptual discussions -- 2. Recursive power: AI governmentality and technofutures / Fenwick McKelvey and Jonathan Roberge -- 3. The danger of smart ideologies: Counter-hegemonic intelligence and antagonistic machines / Peter Bloom -- 4. The becoming of ai: A critical perspective on the contingent formation of ai / Anna Jobin and Christian Katzenbach -- 5. Artificial intelligence and the problem of radical uncertainty / Robert Holton -- 6. Trading human autonomy for technological automation / Simona Chiodo -- 7. Automation anxiety: A critical history - the apparently odd recurrence of debates about computation, AI and labour / Caroline Bassett and Ben Roberts -- 8. Ai, critical knowledge and subjectivity / Eran Fisher -- 9. Habits and habitus in algorithmic culture / Stefka Hristova -- 10. Algorithms and emerging forms of intimacy / Tanja Wiehn -- 11. It's incomprehensible: On machine learning and decoloniality / Abeba Birhane and Zeerak Talat -- 12. Pragmatism and ai: A critical approach / Johnathan Flowers -- 13. Digital humanism and ai / Wolfgang Hofkirchner and Hans-Hans-Jörg Kreowski -- 14. Beyond AI solutionism: Toward a multi-disciplinary approach to artificial intelligence in society / Simon Lindgren and Virginia Dignum -- 15. Artificial intelligence and social memory: Towards the cyborgian remembrance of an advancing mnemo-technic / Samuel Merrill -- 16. Making sense of ai-influenced geopolitics using sts theories / Arun Teja Polcumpally -- Part II. AI imaginaries and discourses -- 17. Bothering the binaries: Unruly AI futures of hauntings and hope at the limit / Amanda Lagerkvist and Bo Reimer -- 18. Imaginaries of artificial intelligence / Vanessa Richter, Christian Katzenbach and Mike Schäferr -- 19. Language of algorithms: Agency, metaphors and deliberations in AI discourses / Kaisla Kajava and Nitin Sawhney -- 20. Technological failures, controversies and the myth of ai / Andrea Ballatore and Simone Natale -- 21. Marking the lines of artificial intelligence / Mario Verdicchio -- 22. The critical potential of science fiction / Miroslav Kotásek -- 23. A critical review of news framing of artificial intelligence / Ching-Hua Chuan -- 24. Media representations of artificial intelligence: Surveying the field / Saba Rebecca Brause, Jing Zeng, Mike S.Schäferr and Christian Katzenbach -- 25. Educational imaginaries of ai / Lina Rahm -- Part III. The political economy of ai: Datafication and surveillance -- 26. Critical AI studies meets critical political economy / Pieter Verdegem -- 27. The industry of automating automation: The political economy of the AI industry / James Steinhoff -- 28. Ai, class societies and the social life of reason / Scott Timcke -- 29. Re-imagining democracy: Ai's challenge to political theory / Guy Paltieli -- 30. AI as automated inequality: Statistics, surveillance and discrimination / Mike Zajko -- 31. Digital tracking and infrastructural power / Stine Lomborg, Rasmus Helles and Signe Sophus Lai -- 32. AI and the everyday political economy of global health / Michael Strange and Jason Tucker -- 33. Addressing global inequity in AI development / Chinasa T. Okolo -- Part IV. AI transparency, ethics and regulation -- 34. A critical approach to AI ethics / Rosalie A. Waelen -- 35. Power and inequalities: Lifting the veil of ignorance in AI ethics / Anais Resseguier -- 36. Barriers to regulating ai: Critical observations from a fractured field / Ashlin Lee, Will Orr, Walter G. Johnson, Jenna Imad Harb and Kathryn Henne -- 37. Why artificial intelligence is not transparent: A critical analysis of its three opacity layers / Manuel Carabantes -- 38. How to critique the GDPr: When data protection is turned against the working class / Carl Öhman-- 39. Four facets of AI transparency / Stefan Larsson, Kashyap Haresamudram, Charlotte Högberg, Yucong Lao, Axel Nyström, Kasia Söderlund and Fredrik Heintz -- 40. An inclusive approach to ascribing responsibility in robot ethics / Janina Loh -- 41. Machines and morals: Moral reasoning ability might indicate how close AI is to attaining true equivalence with human intelligence / Sukanto Bhattacharya -- 42. A women's rights perspective on safe artificial intelligence inside the United Nations / Eleonore Fournier-Tombs -- 43. From ethics to politics: Changing approaches to AI education / Randy Connolly -- 44. The transparency of reason: Ethical issues of AI art / Dejan Grba -- Part V. AI bias, normativity and discrimination -- 45. Learning about human behavior? The transcendental status of grammars of action in the processing of hci data / Andreas Beinsteiner -- 46. Algorithmic moderation: Contexts, perceptions, and misconceptions / João Gonçalves and Ina Weber -- 47. Algorithmic exclusion / Kendra Albert and Maggie Delano -- 48. Prospective but disconnected partners: Ai-informed criminal risk prediction / Kelly Hannah-Moffat and Fernando Avila -- 49. Power asymmetries, epistemic imbalances and barriers to knowledge: The (im)possibility of knowing algorithms / Ana Pop Stefanija -- 50. Gender, race and the invisible labor of artificial intelligence / Laila Brown -- 51. Machine learning normativity as performativity / Tyler Reigeluth -- 52. Queer eye on ai: Binary systems versus fluid identities / Karin Danielsson, Andrea Aler Tubella, Evelina Liliequist and Coppélie Cocq -- 53. Representational silence and racial biases in commercial image recognition services in the context of religion / Anton Berg and Katja Valaskivi -- 54. Social media as classification systems: Procedural normative choices in user profiling / Severin Engelmann and Orestis Papakyriakopoulos -- 55. From hate speech recognition to happiness Indexing: Critical issues in datafication of emotion in text mining / Salla-Maaria Laaksonen, Juho Pääkkönen and Emily Öhman -- Part VI. Politics and activism in ai -- 56. Democratic friction in speech governance by ai / Niva Elkin-Koren and Maayan Perel -- 57. Automating empathy: Overview, technologies, criticism / Andrew McStay and Vian Bakir -- 58. Ideational tensions in the Swedish automation debate: Initial findings / Kalle Eriksson -- 59. En-countering AI as algorhythmic practice / Shintaro Miyazaki -- 60. Introducing political ecology of creative-ai / Andre Holzapfel -- Part VII. AI and automation in society -- 61. Automated decision-making in the public sector / Vanja Carlsson, Malin Rönnblom and Andreas Öjehag-Pettersson -- 62. The landscape of social bot research: A critical appraisal / Harry Yaojun Yan and Kai-Cheng Yang -- 63. Introducing robots and AI in human service organizations: What are the implications for employees and service users? / Susanne Tafvelin, Jan Hjelte, Robyn Schimmer, Maria Forsgren, Vicenc Torra and Andreas Stenling -- 64. Critically analyzing autonomous materialities / Mikael Wiberg -- 65. Exploring critical dichotomies of AI and the rule of law / Markus Naarttijärvi -- 66. The use of AI in domestic security practices / Jens Hälterlein -- 67. Methodological reflections on researching the sociotechnical imaginaries of AI in policing / Carrie B. Sanders and Janet Chan -- 68. Emergence of artificial intelligence in health care: A critical review / Annika M. Svensson and Fabrice Jotterand -- 69. The politics of imaginary technologies: Innovation ecosystems as political choreographies for promoting care robotics in health care / Jaana Parviainen -- 70. AI in education: Landscape, vision and critical ethical challenges in the 21st century / Daniel S. Schiff and Rinat Rosenberg-Kima -- 71. Critically assessing ai/ml for cultural heritage: Potentials and cha Løvlies / Anna Foka, Lina Eklund, Anders Sundnes Løvlie and Gabriele Griffin -- 72. AI ethnography / Anne Dippel and Andreas Sudmann -- 73. Automating social theory / Ralph Schroeder -- 74. Artificial intelligence and scientific problem choice at the nexus of industry and academia / Steve G. Hoffman -- 75. Myths, techno solutionism and artificial intelligence: Reclaiming AI materiality and its massive environmental costs / Benedetta Brevini -- 76. AI governance and civil society: The need for critical engagement / Megan LePere-Schloop and Sandy Zook -- Index
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