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Breaking the Impediments to Budgetary Reforms :, Evidence from Europe, Ashoka Mody, Stefania Fabrizio

Under what conditions are budget institutions likely to be strengthened? We find that fiscal deficits do not help in focusing policymakers on undertaking reforms. To the contrary, the larger the deficit, the lower is the likelihood of reforms. Large deficits apparently imply strong claims on the budget and, hence, generate unwillingness to impose self-discipline. As such, countries will tend to move either to small fiscal deficits and good institutions or large deficits and weak institutions. Economic shocks (if they are large enough) can help build a constituency for improving budget institutions. However, if forgiving markets accommodate economic shocks, even such pressure may be insufficient. Forwardlooking and credible leadership appears to be an important ingredient of the solution
Table Of Contents
Contents; I. Introduction; II. Data and Empirical Approach; III. The Setting: War of Attrition; IV. Economic Shocks and Crises; V. Credibility: Does It Take Nixon To Go To China?; VI. Conclusions; Appendices; I. Quality of Budget Institutions; Appendix Tables; 1. Construction of the Index: Fiscal Institutions and Their Index Parameters; 2. Index of Quality of Budget Institutions; 3. Fiscal Institutions' Quality Index; II. Definitions and Sources of Variables Used in Regression Analysis; Tables; 1. War of Attrition; 2. Political Constraints; 3. Economic Shocks; 4. Crises and Reforms
Literary Form
non fiction
1st ed.
Description based upon print version of record
Physical Description
1 online resource (33 p.)
Specific Material Designation
Form Of Item

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