European Parliament Library

Innovation in clusters, science-industry relationships in the face of forced advancement, Estelle Vallier

Forged at the heart of international political bodies by expert researchers, the innovation cluster concept has been incorporated into most public policies in industrialized countries. Based largely on the ideas behind the success of Silicon Valley, several imitative attempts have been made to geographically group laboratories, companies and training in particular fields in order to generate "synergies" between science and industry. In its first part, Innovation in Clusters analyzes the infatuation with the system of clusters that is integral to innovative policies by analyzing its socio historical context, its revival in management and its worldwide expansion, looking at a French example at a local level. In its second part, the book explores a specialized biotechnology cluster dating back to the end of the 1990s. The sociological survey conducted twenty years later sheds a different light on the dynamics and relationships between laboratories and companies, contradicting the commonly held belief that innovation is made possible by geographical proximity
Table Of Contents
Cover -- Half-Title Page -- Title Page -- Copyright Page -- Contents -- Foreword -- Introduction -- I.1. Innovation policies and the clustering process -- I.1.1. Ensuring the legal and fiscal framework for the partnership between science and industry: governing from a distance -- I.1.2. Clustering: an old idea at the heart of current innovation policies -- I.1.3. Focusing on biotechnologies: catching up with the world through clustering -- I.2. The cooperation mechanism in a biocluster context: from concept to reality -- I.2.1. The advent of structures for science and industry intermediation -- I.2.2. From the cluster concept to its realization: between adoption and resistance -- I.2.3. An immersion survey: observing, interviewing and quantifying on a daily basis -- I.3. Acknowledgements -- PART 1: Persistence and Renewal of the Cluster Concept in Contemporary Innovation Policies -- 1. From Industrial Districts to Knowledge Valleys: the Legacy of the Cluster -- 1.1. The industrial district: the oldest ancestor of the cluster -- 1.1.1. The economic approach of industrial atmosphere -- 1.1.2. The first Italian districts and their influence in France -- 1.1.3. The rise of districts: the end of the Fordist enterprise? -- 1.2. Spatial concentrations of technological activities -- 1.2.1. The time of technopoles: reconciling regional planning and innovation -- 1.2.2. A spontaneous and innovative environment conducive to a "technological atmosphere"? -- 1.2.3. The era of cognitive capitalism: the race for creativity of individuals and territories -- 1.3. The valleys of knowledge: interindividual relations as a source of innovation -- 1.3.1. Informal links in the heart of Silicon Valley -- 1.3.2. The relational logic essential to geographical proximity -- 1.3.3. Social capital as a driver of innovation
Literary Form
non fiction
Includes index
Physical Description
1 online resource (256 pages)
Specific Material Designation
Form Of Item

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