European Parliament Library

AI in and for Africa, a humanistic perspective, Susan Brokensha, Eduan Kotzé, and Burgert A. Senekal

Summary
"AI in and for Africa: A Humanistic Perspective explores the convoluted intersection of artificial intelligence with Africa's unique socio-economic realities. The first of its kind to provide a comprehensive overview of how AI is currently being deployed on the African continent. Given the existence of significant disparities in Africa related to gender, race, labour, and power, the book argues that the continent requires different AI solutions to its problems, ones that are not founded on technological determinism or exclusively on the adoption of Eurocentric or Western-centric worldviews. It embraces a decolonial approach to exploring and addressing issues such as AI's diversity crisis, the absence of ethical policies around AI that are tailor-made for Africa, the ever-widening digital divide, and the ongoing practice of dismissing African knowledge systems in the contexts of AI research and education. Although the book suggests a number of humanistic strategies with a view to ensuring that Africa does not appropriate AI in a manner that is skewed in favour of a privileged few, it does not support the notion that the continent should simply opt for a 'one-size-fits-all' solution either. Rather, in light of Africa's rich diversity, the book embraces the need for plurality within different regions' AI ecosystems. The book advocates that Africa-inclusive AI policies incorporate a relational ethics of care which explicitly challenges how Africa's challenges are entwined in AI ecosystems. It goes some way to providing actionable AI tenets that can be incorporated into policy documents to suit Africa's needs. This book will be of great interest to researchers, students, and readers who wish to critically appraise the different facets of AI in the context of Africa, across many areas that run the gamut from education, gender studies, and linguistics to agriculture, data science, and economics, with especial appeal to scholars in disciplines including anthropology, computer science, philosophy, and sociology, to name a few"--, Provided by publisher
Table Of Contents
Cover -- Half Title -- Series Page -- Title Page -- Copyright Page -- Table of Contents -- Preface -- Foreword -- About the authors -- Chapter 1: Perceiving AI through a humanistic lens -- Introduction -- Humanism and AI -- Ubuntu and AI -- Decolonial and post-colonial lenses -- Notes -- Chapter 2: Intricate intersections: AI's diversity and governance crises -- Introduction -- The portrayal of AI as white -- Women in (emerging) technology -- Algorithmic exploitation -- Ecology in two senses of the word -- Ethical AI and policymaking -- A humanistic view of ethical AI governance -- Chapter 3: AI ethics in and for Africa: Some preliminary thoughts -- Introduction -- Disconnects -- Ethical debates around AI -- A relational ethics of care -- Feminist and engaged commitments to AI -- Notes -- Chapter 4: (Mis)perceptions of AI in Africa: Metaphors, myths, and realities -- Introduction -- African perceptions of AI -- Techno-utopia versus techno-dystopia -- Making (non)sense of AI as a technical artefact -- Note -- Chapter 5: Digital citizenship in Africa: Contestations and innovations in the context of AI -- Introduction -- Responses to the curtailment of digital citizen engagement -- Responses to unequal digital access and (responsible) digital literacy -- Responses to digital citizenship through digital education and research -- Promoting digital citizenship in Africa in the context of AI: Moving beyond a symbolic term -- Notes -- Chapter 6: AI and the labour sector in Africa: Disruptive or transformative? -- Introduction -- Artificial intelligence and the disruption of the labour market -- Semi-skilled labour -- Unskilled labour -- Skilled labour -- A pessimistic view of the impact of automation on the labour market -- An optimistic view of the impact of automation on the labour market -- AI ethics in the workplace
Language
eng
Literary Form
non fiction
Copyright
Edition
First edition.
Physical Description
1 online resource (xiii, 137 pages), illustrations.
Specific Material Designation
remote
Form Of Item
online
Isbn
9780100327610

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