European Parliament Library

Identification and citizenship in Africa, biometrics, the documentary state and bureaucratic writings of the self, edited by Séverine Awenengo Dalberto & Richard Banégas

Summary
"In the context of a global biometric turn, this book investigates processes of legal identification in Africa "from below", asking what this means for the relationship between citizens and the state. Almost half of the population of the African continent was thought to lack a legal identity in 2018, and many states have seen biometric technology as a reliable and efficient solution to the problem. However, this book shows that biometrics, far from securing identities and avoiding fraud or political distrust, can even participate in reinforcing exclusion and polarizing debates on citizenship and national belonging. It highlights the social and political embedding of legal identities and the resilience of the documentary state. Drawing on empirical research conducted across 14 countries, the book documents the processes, practices and meanings of legal identification in Africa from the 1950s right up to the biometric boom. Beyond the classic opposition between surveillance and recognition, it demonstrates how analyzing the social uses of IDs and tools of identification can give a fresh account of the state at work, the practices of citizenship and the role of bureaucracy in the writing of the self in African societies. This book will be of an important reference for students and scholars of African studies, politics, human security and anthropology and the sociology of the state"--, Provided by publisher
Table Of Contents
Cover -- Half Title -- Series Page -- Title Page -- Copyright Page -- Contents -- List of illustrations -- List of contributors -- Acknowledgements -- The social and political life of identity papers in contemporary Africa: Editor's introduction -- PART I: Biometric state versus documentary state: Identification technologies and citizenship -- 1. African citizenships - A biometric turn? -- 2. Documentary government and mathematical identification: On the theoretical significance of African biometric government -- 3. Legible bodies and lives: How a biometric registration campaign reinvented the Chadian population -- 4. Testimonies and social markers in the age of biometrics: The work of the identity control and verification commission in Chad -- 5. Digitized paper barriers: Identity verifications and exclusion of immigrant learners in Johannesburg's low-income high schools -- 6. A proof of innocence: Biometric registration of Malian refugees living in Burkina Faso -- 7. The republic and its double: Forgery, inequalities, and state morality in Cameroon -- 8. General amnesty for all 'René Cailliés'! Falsifying birth certificates and reforming legal identification in Côte d'Ivoire -- PART II: Identity, citizenship, and the politics of inclusion and exclusion -- 9. The French West African identity card in Senegal: The challenges and meanings of legal identification in the era of imperial citizenship (1946-1960) -- 10. A kipande for Ugandans? The aborted 1947 'identity card for Africans' -- 11. Papers to ward off the threat: Identity cards, documentary uncertainty, and genocide in Rwanda -- 12. Rwanda: Identity papers under Belgian colonial occupation -- 13. Kenya's ethnic Somalis and access to identity papers: Citizenship and nation-building in north-east Kenya
Language
eng
Literary Form
non fiction
Edition
1 Edition.
Physical Description
1 online resource (393 pages).
Specific Material Designation
remote
Form Of Item
online
Isbn
9781000380033

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