European Parliament Library

Redress schemes for personal injuries, Sonia Macleod, Research Fellow, Centre for Socio-Legal Studies, University of Oxford; Christopher Hodges, Professor of Justice Systems and Supernumerary Fellow of Wolfson College, Ooxford Head of the CMS/Swiss Re Research Programme on Civil Justice Systems, Centre for Socio-Legal Studies, University of Oxford Solicitor (non-practising) ; with contributors, Raymond Bryne, Law Commissioner, Ireland [and six others]

This ground-breaking book takes a fresh look at potential non-litigation solutions to providing personal injury compensation. It is the first systematic comparative study of such a large number - over forty - of personal injury compensation schemes. It covers the drivers for their creation, the frameworks under which they operate, the criteria and thresholds used, the compensation offered, the claims process, statistics on throughput and costs, and analysis of financial costings. It also considers and compares the successes and failings of these schemes. Many different types of redress providers are studied. These include the comprehensive no-blame coverage offered by the New Zealand Accident Compensation Corporation; the widely used Patient, Pharmaceutical, Motor Accident and Workers Compensation Insurance systems of the Nordic states; the far smaller issue-focused schemes like the UK Thalidomide and vCJD Trusts; vaccine damage schemes that exist in many countries; as well as motor vehicle schemes from the USA. Conclusions are drawn about the functions, essential requirements, architecture, scope, operation and performance of personal injury compensation systems. The relationships between such schemes, the courts and regulators are also discussed, and both calls and need for reforms are noted. Noting the wide calls for reform of NHS medical negligence litigation within the UK, and its replacement with a no blame approach, the authors' findings outline options for future policy in this area. This major contribution builds on general shifts from courts to ADR, and from blame to no blame in regulation, and is a work that has the potential to have a major impact on the field of personal injury redress. With contributions by Raymond Byrne, Claire Bright, Shuna Mason, Magdalena Tulibacka, Matti Urho, Mary Walker and Herbert Woopen
Table Of Contents
Part I: Introduction -- 1. An Introduction to the Schemes -- Sonia Macleod and Christopher Hodges -- Part II: New Zealand and Australia -- 2. New Zealand: The Accident Compensation Scheme -- Christopher Hodges and Sonia Macleod -- 3. Australia: Workers' Compensation -- Mary Walker -- Part III: Nordic States -- Sonia Macleod, Matti Urho and Christopher Hodges -- 4. Nordic Injury Compensation Schemes -- 5. Sweden -- 6. Denmark -- 7. Finland -- 8. Norway -- Part IV: US Schemes -- Sonia Macleod -- 9. No-Fault Schemes in the USA -- 10. Motor Vehicle Coverage in the USA -- 11. The Virginia Birth-Related Neurological Injury Compensation Program -- 12. The Florida Birth-Related Neurological Injury Compensation Association -- 13. September 11 Victim Compensation Fund -- Part V: Vaccines and Pharmaceuticals -- 14. The Thalidomide Trust -- Sonia Macleod -- 15. Vaccine Injury Compensation Schemes -- Sonia Macleod -- 16. The Japanese Pharmaceutical Injury Scheme -- Sonia Macleod and Christopher Hodges -- 17. Injuries in Clinical Trials on Medicines and Clinical Evaluation of Medical Devices -- Christopher Hodges and Shuna Mason -- Part VI: Patient Injuries -- 18. France: The ONIAM Scheme -- Claire Bright and Christopher Hodges -- 19. Polish No-Fault Medical Compensation Scheme -- Magdalena Tulibacka -- 20. Ireland: The Injuries Board -- Christopher Hodges -- 21. Ireland: Health Services and Redress for Women Formerly Resident in Magdalen Laundries -- Raymond Byrne -- 22. Germany -- Herbert Woopen and Christopher Hodges -- Part VII: UK Schemes -- 23. The Armed Forces Compensation Scheme -- Sonia Macleod -- 24. Criminal Injuries Compensation Scheme -- Sonia Macleod -- 25. Industrial Injuries Disablement Benefit -- Sonia Macleod -- 26. UK Mesothelioma Compulsory Insurance Fund and Compensation Scheme -- Sonia Macleod -- 27. Miners' Compensation Schemes -- Sonia Macleod -- 28. Compensation Scheme for Hepatitis C and HIV -- Sonia Macleod -- 29. Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease -- Sonia Macleod -- Part VIII: Corporate Schemes for Medical Devices -- Sonia Macleod -- 30. Dow Corning Breast Implant Compensation -- 31. Trilucent Breast Implants -- 32. ASR Hip Reimbursement Programme -- Part IX: Conclusions -- Sonia Macleod and Christopher Hodges -- 33. Conclusions -- 34. Parameters and Outline of a Modern Compensation Scheme
Literary Form
non fiction
Includes index
Physical Description
1 online resource (690 pages), illustrations.
Specific Material Designation
Form Of Item

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