European Parliament Library

Coordinating Climate and Trade Policies :, Pareto Efficiency and the Role of Border Tax Adjustments, Michael Keen, Christos Kotsogiannis

This paper explores the role of trade instruments in globally efficient climate policies, focusing on the central issue of whether some form of border tax adjustment (BTA) is warranted when carbon prices differ internationally. It shows that tariff policy has a role in easing cross-country distributional concerns that can make non-uniform carbon pricing efficient and, more particularly, that Pareto-efficiency requires a form of BTA when carbon taxes in some countries are constrained, a special case being identified in which this has the simple structure envisaged in practical policy discusions. It also stresses—a point that has been overlooked in the policy debate—that the efficiency case for BTA depends critically on whether climate policies are pursued by carbon taxation or by cap-and-trade
Table of contents
Cover; Contents; I. Introduction; II. Modeling Climate and Trade Policies; III. The Benchmark: Unconstrained Carbon Tax and Tariff Policies; IV. Pareto Efficiency and the Role of Border Tax Adjustments; A. Border Tax Adjustments in the Absence of Distributional Concerns; B. Border Tax Adjustments in the General Case; V. Further Discussion; A. Comparison with Non-cooperative Policies; B. Border Tax Adjustment and Cap-and-Trade; VI. Concluding Remarks; Appendices; A. Necessary Conditions for Pareto Efficiency; B. Proof of Proposition 1; C. Proof of Proposition 2; D. Proof of Proposition 5
Literary form
non fiction
1st ed.
Description based upon print version of record
Physical description
1 online resource (27 p.)
Specific material designation
Form of item

Library Locations

  • EP Library Brussels

    60 rue Wiertz, Brussels, B-1047, BE
  • EP Library Strasbourg

    7 Place Adrien Zeller, Allée du Printemps, Strasbourg, F-67070, FR
  • EP Library Luxembourg

    Rue du Fort Thüngen, Luxembourg, L-1313, LU