European Parliament Library

Decentralising Employment Policy: New Trends and Challenges, The Venice Conference, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development

Why decentralise the public employment service? What are the reasons for the increasing reliance on local management approaches in designing and implementing employment policies? These trends are not merely institutional changes, rather they reflect a change in strategy. To enhance the effectiveness of employment policy, governments attempt to provide greater flexibility in implementation, adapt national policies to local conditions, and stimulate involvement from all stakeholders. The impact of these reforms is widespread. They effect the role of the state, the division of power between government layers, and, most of all, employment itself. This book provides the most comprehensive set of employment practices and experiences currently implemented in 26 countries available to date. A wide range of area-based approaches illustrates the need for flexible and specific answers to adapt to local conditions. To complete the picture, summary chapters outline new trends and common challenges governments face in designing and optimising employment policy decentralisation. It brings together papers from a Conference held in Venice in April 1998. [Decentralising Employment Policy: New Trends and Challenges] is essential reading for policy-makers, practitioners and all local actors involved in employment policies
Table Of Contents
Introduction -- -Adapting our Institutions and Policies to the Changing Environment by Sergio Arzeni -- Decentralisation, Local Management: Challenges for a New Europe by Massimo Cacciari -- Part 1. Decentralisation of the Public Employment Service -- Summary of Discussions by Peter Schwanse -- The Italian Reform from a Regional Perspective: Veneto by Cesare Campa -- Lessons from Decentralisation in Canada by Russ Brown -- The Challenges of Decentralisation in France: The Poitou-Charentes Region by Dominique Hummel -- Taking Decentralisation a Step Further: Sub-Regional Employment Policy in Flanders by Eric Loddewykx -- Regionalisation through Centralisation: The Case of Switzerland by Dieter Grossen -- Regionalising Policy: Innovations in Friuli-Venezia Giulia by Lodovico Sonego -- The Point of View of a Region Benefiting from High Autonomy: Valle d'Aosta by Mauro Fioravanti -- A New Stage of Decentralisation in Mexico: Granting Authority to the States by Roberto Flores-Lima -- A Decentralised Model Taking Shape in New Zealand by Merv Dacre -- The Reform of the Public Employment Service in Spain by Juan Pedro Chozas -- Decentralisation in Poland: A Challenge in View of EU Membership by Grazyna Zielinska -- Towards Regional Partnerships in the Czech Republic by Roman Linek -- Quebec's Choices: Partnership, Local Management, and Activation by Louise Harel -- Centralised Information Technology and Decentralised Employment Service: A Successful Combination in the United States by James W. Vollman -- Activating Policies at Local Level in Denmark by Leif Christian Hansen -- Coordinating Policies in Federations: Russia by Alexander Shevchenko -- Network Building for Effective Regional Policy by Paul Simar -- Ministerial Statements -- Local Partnerships in the UK: A Key for Effective Welfare to Work Policies by Andrew Smith -- Sweden: Local Innovations within a National Policy Framework by Margareta Winberg -- A Decentralisation Reform Adapted to Italy's Economic and Social Diversity by Tiziano Treu -- Towards a More Flexible Public Employment Service in Turkey by Nami Cagan -- Ireland: An Area-Based Strategy for both Economic and Employment Development by Chris Flood -- Part 2: Local Partnerships and Other Flexible Institutional Adjustments -- Summary of Discussions by Enzo Rullani -- An Introduction to Local Partnerships and Institutional Flexibility by Paavo Saikkonen -- Coordinating Policies in an Integrated Approach: The Austrian Challenge by Michael Forschner -- Denmark: Decentralisation within Tripartism by Jan Hendeliowitz -- Decisions Taken on a Partnership Basis at All Levels: Portugal by Gertrudes Jorge -- Local Management in Economies in Transition: The Positive Experience of Hungary by Lilla Garzo -- The Contribution of Local Partnerships to Employment Services in Ireland by Tony Crooks -- Local Management within an Integrated Approach: North Rhine-Westpahlia's Achievement by Ingrid Schleimer -- Towards Self-REliance of Aboriginal People in Canada: Empowerment in Labor Market Policy by Howard Green -- Luxembourg, Too, Reaps the Benefits of Local Management by Maryse Fysch -- Efficient Local Management by Cities: Barcelona by Maravillas Rojo -- Welfare to Work in a Centralised Framework: Philadelphia's Challenges by Donna Cooper -- Innovations by Cities: The Vienna Employees Assistance Fund by Christa Pregartbauer -- Creating Jobs and Enterprises that Answer Local Needs by Matelda Grassi -- Conclusion -- The Italian Reform in Perspective: Towards Integrated Policies by Giuseppe Cacopardi -- To Reconcile Competitiveness and Social Cohesion, Give Policy-Making a Territorial Dimension by Odile Sallard
Literary Form
non fiction
Bibliographic Level Mode of Issuance: Monograph
Physical Description
1 online resource (252 p.)
Specific Material Designation
Form Of Item

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