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Nuclear Production of Hydrogen, Fourth Information Exchange Meeting, Oakbrook, Illinois, USA , 14-16 April 2009, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development

Abstract
Hydrogen has the potential to play an important role as a sustainable and environmentally acceptable energy carrier in the 21st century. This report describes the scientific and technical challenges associated with the production of hydrogen using heat and/or electricity from nuclear power plants, with special emphasis on recent developments in high-temperature electrolysis and the use of different chemical thermodynamic processes. Economics and market analysis as well as safety aspects of the nuclear production of hydrogen are also discussed
Table Of Contents
Use of PSA for design of emergency mitigation systems in a hydrogen production plant using General Atomics SI cycle technology. Section II: Sulphuric acid decomposition -- The concept of nuclear hydrogen production based on MHR-T reactor -- Status of the Korean nuclear hydrogen production project -- Predicting the energy efficiency of a recuperative bayonet decomposition reactor for sulphur-based thermochemical hydrogen production -- Heat pump cycle by hydrogen-absorbing alloys to assist high-temperature gas-cooled reactor in producing hydrogen -- Development of HI decomposition process in Korea -- Heat exchanger temperature response for duty-cycle transients in the NGNP/HTE -- Present status of HTGR and hydrogen production development in JAEA -- South Africa's nuclear hydrogen production development programme -- French research strategy to use nuclear reactors for hydrogen production -- Alternate VHTR/HTE interface for mitigating tritium transport and structure creep -- Integrated laboratory scale demonstration experiment of the hybrid sulphur cycle and preliminary scale-up -- Activities of Nuclear Research Institute Rez in the area of hydrogen technologies -- Nuclear hydrogen production programme in the United States -- A uranium thermochemical cycle for hydrogen production -- Development status of the hybrid sulphur thermochemical hydrogen production process -- Changing the world with hydrogen and nuclear -- Executive summary -- Degradation mechanisms in solid oxide electrolysis anodes -- Market viability of nuclear hydrogen technologies -- Possibility of active carbon recycle energy system -- Causes of degradation in a solid oxide electrolysis stack -- Foreword -- Nuclear safety and regulatory considerations for nuclear hydrogen production -- Nuclear hydrogen using high temperature electrolysis and light water reactors for peak electricity production -- CEA assessment of the sulphur-iodine cycle for hydrogen production -- Transient modelling of sulphur-iodine cycle thermochemical hydrogen generation coupled to pebble bed modular reactor -- Proposed chemical plant initiated accident scenarios in a sulphur-iodine cycle plant coupled to a pebble bed modular reactor -- Status of the INERI sulphur-iodine integrated-loop experiment -- Influence of HTR core inlet and outlet temperatures on hydrogen generation efficiency using the sulphur-iodine water-splitting cycle -- Conceptual design of the HTTR-IS nuclear hydrogen production system -- Experimental study of the vapour-liquid equilibria of HI-I2-H2O ternary mixtures -- The development of the Hydrogen Economic Evaluation Program (HEEP) -- Application of nuclear-produced hydrogen for energy and industrial use -- Nuclear H2 production – a utility perspective -- Status of the INL high-temperature electrolysis research programme – experimental and modelling -- Alkaline and high-temperature electrolysis for nuclear hydrogen production -- High-temperature steam electrolysis for hydrogen production -- The production of hydrogen by nuclear and solar heat -- Materials development for SOEC -- Sustainable electricity supply in the world by 2050 for economic growth and automotive fuel -- A metallic seal for high-temperature electrolysis stacks -- NHI economic analysis of candidate nuclear hydrogen processes -- Recent Canadian advances in the thermochemical Cu-Cl cycle for nuclear hydrogen production -- An overview of R&D activities for the Cu-Cl cycle with emphasis on the hydrolysis reaction -- Study of the hydrolysis reaction of the copper-chloride hybrid thermochemical cycle using optical spectrometries -- Development of CuCl-HCl electrolysis for hydrogen production via Cu-Cl thermochemical cycle -- Exergy analysis of the Cu-Cl cycle -- Canadian nuclear hydrogen R&D programme -- CaBr2 hydrolysis for HBr production using a direct sparging contactor
Language
eng
Literary Form
non fiction
Note
"NEA no. 6805."
Physical Description
1 online resource (468 p. )
Specific Material Designation
remote
Form Of Item
online
Isbn
9781282721869

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