European Parliament Library

Three liability regimes for artificial intelligence, algorithmic actants, hybrids, crowds, Anna Beckers and Gunther Teubner - online

"This book proposes three liability regimes to combat the wide responsibility gaps caused by AI systems - vicarious liability for autonomous software agents (actants); enterprise liability for inseparable human-AI interactions (hybrids); and collective fund liability for interconnected AI systems (crowds). Based on information technology studies, the book first develops a threefold typology that distinguishes individual, hybrid and collective machine behaviour. A subsequent social science analysis specifies the socio-digital institutions related to this threefold typology. Then it determines the social risks that emerge when algorithms operate within these institutions. Actants raise the risk of digital autonomy, hybrids the risk of double contingency in human-algorithm encounters, crowds the risk of opaque interconnections. The book demonstrates that the law needs to respond to these specific risks, by recognising personified algorithms as vicarious agents, human-machine associations as collective enterprises, and interconnected systems as risk pools - and by developing corresponding liability rules. The book relies on a unique combination of information technology studies, sociological institution and risk analysis, and comparative law. This approach uncovers recursive relations between types of machine behaviour, emergent socio-digital institutions, their concomitant risks, legal conditions of liability rules, and ascription of legal status to the algorithms involved."--, Provided by publisher
Table Of Contents
Preface -- 1. Digitalisation: The Responsibility Gap I. The Problem: The Dangerous Homo Ex Machina II. The Overshooting Reaction: Full Legal Subjectivity for E-Persons? III. Our Solution: Differential Legal Status Ascriptions for Algorithms IV. Our Approach: Three Digital Risks -- 2. Autonomy and Personification I. Artificial Intelligence as Actants II. Gradualised Digital Autonomy III. Autonomy and Personhood -- 3. Actants: Autonomy Risk I. Socio-Digital Institution: Digital Assistance II. The Autonomy Risk III. Algorithmic Contract Formation IV. Contractual Liability V. Non-Contractual Liability -- 4. Hybrids: Association Risk I. Socio-Digital Institution: Human-Machine Associations II. The Association Risk III. Solution de lege ferenda : Hybrids as Legal Entities? IV. Our Solution de lege lata : Enterprise Liability for Human-Algorithm Networks -- 5. Multi-Agent Crowds: Interconnectivity Risk I. Socio-Digital Institution: Exposure to Interconnectivity II. The Interconnectivity Risk III. Mismatch of New Risks and Existing Solutions IV. Our Solution: Socialising the Interconnectivity Risk -- 6. Three Liability Regimes: Interrelations I. Synopsis and Rules II. Socio-Digital Institutions and Liability Law III. Interactions between Three Liability Regimes IV. Exemplary Cases -- Bibliography -- Index
Literary Form
non fiction
First edition.
Physical Description
1 online resource (240 pages).
Specific Material Designation
Form Of Item

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