European Parliament Library

The Cyprus referendum, a divided island and the challenge of the Annan Plan, Chrysostomos Pericleous

"The Cyprus referendum of 2004 was a definitive moment in the recent history of Cyprus. The island's future hung in the balance - specifically the fate of the controversial Annan Plan, which proposed the creation of a single United Cyprus Republic with two constituent states. Accepted by the Turkish side but rejected by Greek Cypriots, the Plan was not implemented. In this balanced account of a highly charged period, Chrysostomos Pericleous offers an exhaustive treatment of the events that culminated in the referendum and through his comparative study, explains the positions ultimately taken by Greek and Turkish Cypriots. "The Cyprus Referendum" presents the definitive account of the course of action taken by President Tassos Papadopoulos and his ruling coalition which ultimately led to the resounding 'No' vote on the Annan Plan by the Greek Cypriots at the referendum.Pericleous places the events on the island within a wider global context, focusing especially on the re-orientation of US foreign policy in the Greece- Turkey-Cyprus triangle. Drawing together all the evidence, the author explores the consequences for the island and whether the rejection of the referendum will lead to a period of decline for Cyprus unless a dramatic change occurs in Greek Cypriot politics. An important contribution to the study of Cypriot politics, "The Cyprus Referendum" provides readers with a deeper insight into the broader political framework within which the UN peace initiative in Cyprus has developed. It is a meticulous study of a critical moment in Cypriot history and the depth of its research makes the book invaluable for anyone interested in the island - past, present and future."--Bloomsbury publishing
Table Of Contents
Table of Contents : Acknowledgements -- Abbreviations -- Introduction -- Chapter 1: The European paradigm -- 1.1. The European Union: an evolutionary process -- 1.2. The European Union: A post-modern Institution -- 1.3. Polycentric governance: Synthesis of individuation and integration -- Chapter 2: Review of Greek Foreign Policy -- 2.1. The theoretical background -- 2.2. The logic of Helsinki and "citizen diplomacy" -- 2.3. The Venizelos-Ataturk Pact -- 2.4. Cyprus: A cause of protracted crisis between Greece and Turkey -- 2.5. Andreas Papandreou: From "no dialogue" to Davos -- 2.6. Pangalos-Kranidiotis: The linkage policy -- Chapter 3: Review of US foreign policy -- 3.1. Turkey: A pivotal state for the US -- 3.2. Johnson's letter: The syndrome -- 3.3. US opposition to Cyprus' accession to the EU -- 3.4. The EU's negative stance on Cyprus' accession -- 3.5. Holbrooke's strategy -- 3.6. The Imia crisis and the S-300 missiles -- 3.7. Mediation by Holbrooke -- 3.8. US behind the new mobility -- 3.9. Assessment of US foreign policy -- Chapter 4: Changes in Turkey -- 4.1. The static conception of Turkey and the NO vote to the Referendum -- 4.2. From the Ottoman Empire to the Kemalist state: Nationalism, Pan-Turkism, Expansionism. -- 4.3. Islam: In search of identity -- 4.4. Turgut Ozal: Liberalization of the economy, Turkish-Islamic synthesis -- 4.5. Political Islam: The Islamic Party -- 4.6. The politics of fear and the revolution of the AKP -- 4.7. The Cyprus question: How it has affected Turkish foreign policy and internal affairs -- 4.8. Turkish revisionism in Turkish-Greek relations -- 4.9. Turkey's European orientation and the demand for democratization -- 4.10. Turkey's European bid and the Cyprus problem -- 4.11. The European Union and Turkey -- Chapter 5: The perception of the solution by the Greek Cypriot Community -- 5.1. The Enosis movement and Greek Cypriot nationalism -- 5.2. Makarios and the enosis movement -- 5.3. Makarios and the 1960 Constitution -- 5.4. Between the devil and the deep blue sea -- 5.5. An "interlude of joy" -- 5.6. Towards the abyss -- 5.7. The perception of federation by Makarios -- 5.8. The two "precepts" of Makarios -- 5.9. The perception of the solution and electoral calculations -- 5.10. Return to the logic of "absolute solution" -- 5.11. Helsinki and the reunification perspective. -- Chapter 6: The perception of the solution by the Turkish Cypriot community -- 6.1. The inception of Turkish Cypriot nationalism -- 6.2. From Young-Turk to Kemalist nationalism. -- 6.3. The political organization of separation. -- 6.4. The leading role of Rauf Denktas -- 6.5. The perception of the solution by the Turkish community after the invasion -- 6.6. The Turkish Cypriot uprising -- Chapter 7: From Waldheim's "evaluation" to the Annan Plan -- 7.1. The UN peace mission in Cyprus -- 7.2. The Cuellar initiatives -- 7.3. Boutros Ghali's "Set of Ideas" -- 7.4. The Annan Plan: On the tracks of the Set of Ideas -- 7.4.1. The "new state of affairs" -- 7.4.2. Bicommunality - Bizonality -- 7.4.3. Political equality -- 7.4.4. The unity of the country. -- 7.4.5. The "single list" in the election of the Presidential Council -- 7.4.6. The Presidential Council: Transition to the post-leader era. -- 7.4.7. Territory, Displaced, Properties -- 7.4.8. Historical and cultural heritage -- 7.4.9. Individual rights -- 7.4.10. Security: Withdrawal of troops, Guarantees -- 7.4.11. Settlers -- 7.4.12. Transitional arrangements -- Chapter 8: Towards the Referendum -- 8.1. Submission of the UN Plan and initial reactions -- 8.2. "Coercion" a feature of the timing -- 8.3. The "faultless" stand: From Copenhagen to The Hague -- 8.4. Turkey-Turkish Cypriots: In search of an outlet -- 8.5. Tassos Papadopoulos: Reneging on the Hague commitment -- 8.6. Piecing together a strategy of rejection -- 8.7. New York's "cold shower" and the decision to reject -- Chapter 9: The NO vote of 24 April 2004 -- 9.1. The convergence of events and the possibility of political symbiosis -- 9.2. Papadopoulos' refusal to negotiate at Bürgenstock -- 9.3. The Annan Plan and t
Literary Form
non fiction
Description based upon print version of record
Physical Description
1 online resource (449 p.)
Specific Material Designation
Form Of Item

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