European Parliament Library

The making of the modern corporation, the Casa di San Giorgio and its legacy (1446-1720), Carlo Taviani

Summary
"This book traces the origins of a financial institution, the modern corporation, in Genoa and reconstructs its diffusion in England, the Netherlands, and France. At its inception, the Casa di San Giorgio (1407-1805) was entrusted with managing the public debt in Genoa. Over time, it took on powers we now ascribe to banks and states, accruing financial characteristics and fiscal, political, and territorial powers. As one of the earliest central banks, it ruled territories and local populations for almost a century. It controlled strategic Genoese possessions near and far, including the island of Corsica, the city of Famagusta (in Cyprus), and trading posts in Crimea, the Black Sea, the Lunigiana in northern Tuscany, and various towns in Liguria. In the early sixteenth century, in his Florentine Histories (Book VIII, Chapter 29), Niccolò Machiavelli was the first to analyze the relationship between the Casa di San Giorgio's financial and territorial powers, declaring its possession of territories as the basis of its ascendancy. Later, the founders of some of the earliest corporations, including the Dutch East India Company (1602), the Bank of England (1694), and John Law's Mississippi Company (1720) in France, referenced the model of the Casa di San Giorgio"--, Provided by publisher
Table Of Contents
Cover -- Half Title -- Series -- Title -- Copyright -- Contents -- Preface -- Acknowledgements -- List of Abbreviations -- Introductory Chapter. Debating the Origins of Business Corporations -- 1. The German Historical School of Law (Nineteenth-Twentieth Centuries) -- 2. Scholarship on the East India Companies -- 3. New Institutional Economics and Social Ontology -- Part I Finance and Organization of the Casa di San Giorgio (1407-1518) -- 1 Origins and Foundation of San Giorgio -- 1.1. The Comperae and the Sea Ventures -- 1.2. The Maona -- 1.2.1. The Puzzle of the Maona -- 1.2.2. Applying Institutional Analysis to the Maona -- 1.3. Origins of San Giorgio -- 2 Financial and Fiscal Features of San Giorgio -- 2.1. Shares and Interests -- 2.1.1. The Loca -- 2.1.2. The Pagae -- 2.2. Loans and Taxes -- 2.2.1. The Gabelle -- 2.2.2. A Tax on Capital -- 2.2.3. The End of Direct Taxation -- 2.2.4. Lending to Dukes and Popes -- 2.2.5. Locking in Capital -- 2.3. San Giorgio as a Bank -- 2.4. Other Aspects -- 2.4.1. The Moltiplichi and the Genoese Families -- 2.4.2. Salt -- 3 San Giorgio's Political Features -- 3.1. Genoese Families -- 3.2. Offices -- 3.3. Genoese Political Instability -- 3.4. Interest Rate and Political Transformations -- 3.5. Factions -- 3.6. Land and Sea -- Part II The Casa di San Giorgio's Territories (1407-1518) -- 4 Origins of San Giorgio's Territorial Power -- 4.1. Sources -- 4.2. A Territorial State's Accountability -- 4.3. Pietrasanta: Land for Debt -- 4.4. Famagusta: The First Contract -- 5 On the Black Sea -- 5.1. A Multifaceted Landscape -- 5.2. Usury -- 5.3. Crusades -- 5.4. The End of "Colonies" -- 6 In Liguria and Corsica -- 6.1. Corsica, a World Unto Itself -- 6.2. Lunigiana's Owners -- 6.3. Paying to Be Governed: Liguria -- 6.3.1. Ventimiglia -- 6.3.2. Levanto -- 6.4. The End of the Territorial Dominion
Language
eng
Literary Form
non fiction
Copyright
Physical Description
1 online resource (265 pages)
Specific Material Designation
remote
Form Of Item
online
Isbn
9781000590296

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