European Parliament Library

Migration in Africa, shifting patterns of mobility from the 19th to the 21st century, edited by Michiel de Haas, Ewout Frankema

"This book introduces readers to the age of intra-African migration, a period from the mid-19th century onwards in which the centre of gravity of African migration moved decisively inwards. Most books tend to zoom in on Africa's external migration during the earlier intercontinental slave trade and the more recent outmigration to the global north, but this book argues that migration within the continent has been far more central to the lives of Africans over the course of the last two centuries. The book demonstrates that only by taking a broad historical and continent-wide perspective can we understand the distinctions between the more immediate drivers of migration and deeper patterns of change over time. During the 19th century Africa's external slave trades gradually declined, whilst Africa's expanding commodity export sectors drew in domestic labour. This led to an era of heightened mobility within the region, marked by rapidly rising and vanishing migratory flows, increasingly diversified landscapes of migration systems, and profound long-term shifts in the wider patterns of migration. This era of inward-focussed mobility reduced with a resurgence of outmigration after 1970, when Africans became more deliberately in search of extra-continental destinations, with new diaspora communities emerging specifically in the global North. Broad ranging in its temporal, spatial and thematic coverage, this book provides students and researchers with the perfect introduction to the age of Intra-African migration"--, Provided by publisher
Table Of Contents
Cover -- Half Title -- Title Page -- Copyright Page -- Table of Contents -- List of figures -- List of tables -- List of maps -- List of contributors -- Preface -- Introduction -- 1 The Age of Intra-African Migration: A Synthesis -- Part One Slavery and Migration in the 19th Century -- 2 Migration in the Contexts of Slaving and States in 19th-Century West Africa -- 3 Boom and Bust: The Trans-Saharan Slave Trade in the 19th Century -- 4 Slaves, Porters, and Plantation Workers: Shifting Patterns of Migration in 19th- and Early 20th-Century East Africa -- Part Two Frontiers, Connections, and Confrontations in the 19th Century -- 5 Cattle, Climate, and Caravans: The Dynamics of Pastoralism, Trade, and Migration in 19th-Century East Africa -- 6 Migration and State Formation in Pre-colonial South Africa: Why the 19th Century Was Different -- 7 The Settlers of South Africa: Economic Forces of the Expanding Frontier -- Part Three Colonial Policies and Labor Mobility -- 8 Forced Labor and Migration in British East and West Africa: Shifting Discourses and Practices during the Colonial Era -- 9 Governing Free and Unfree Labor Migration in Portuguese Africa, 19th-20th Century -- 10 Migration and Stabilization: Mining Labor in the Belgian Congo, Northern Rhodesia, and South Africa -- Part Four Shifting Patterns of Circulation and Settlement in the 20th Century -- 11 Cash-Crop Migration Systems in East and West Africa: Rise, Endurance, Decline -- 12 From Temporary Urbanites to Permanent City Dwellers? Rural-Urban Labor Migration in Colonial Southern Rhodesia and the Belgian Congo -- 13 Urban Migration in East and West Africa since 1950: Contrasts and Transformations -- Part Five Conflict and Mobility in the 20th Century -- 14 African Military Migration in the First and Second World Wars
Literary Form
non fiction
Includes index
Physical Description
1 online resource (421 pages)
Specific Material Designation
Form Of Item

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