European Parliament Library

Perceptual learning, the flexibility of the senses, by Kevin Connolly

Experts from wine tasters to radiologists to bird watchers have all undergone perceptual learning - that is, long-term changes in perception that result from practice or experience. Philosophers have been discussing such cases for centuries, from the 14th-century Indian philosopher Vedanta Desika to the 18th-century Scottish philosopher Thomas Reid to a great many contemporary philosophers. This text uses recent evidence from psychology and neuroscience to show that perceptual learning is genuinely perceptual, rather than post-perceptual
Table Of Contents
Part 1. The Nature of Perceptual Learning -- How to Understand Perceptual Learning --Introduction -- What Is Perceptual Learning? -- A Taxonomy of Perceptual Learning Cases -- The Offloading View of Perceptual Learning -- Looking Ahead -- Is Perceptual Learning Genuinely Perceptual? -- Introduction -- Skepticism about Perceptual Learning as Genuinely Perceptual -- Introspective Evidence that Perceptual Learning Is Genuinely Perceptual -- Neuroscientific Evidence that Perceptual Learning Is Genuinely Perceptual -- Behavioral Evidence that Perceptual Learning Is Genuinely Perceptual -- Conclusion -- Part 2. The Scope of Perceptual Learning -- Learned Attention and the Contents of Perception -- Introduction -- The Phenomenal Contrast Argument -- The Attentional Reply to the Phenomenal Contrast Argument -- The Blind Flailing Model of Perceptual Learning -- A New Attentional Reply to the Phenomenal Contrast Argument -- Learned Attention and the Offloading View -- Learned Attention II: Sensory Substitutions -- Introduction -- Attentional Weighting in Distal Attribution -- Latent Inhibition as a Kind of Learned Attention -- Applying Principles of Attentional Training to Sensory Substitution -- Perceptual Learning and Perceptual Hacking -- An Empirical Test for Determining the Nature of SSD Experience -- Conclusion --Chunking? The World Through Multisensory Perception -- Introduction -- The Kind of Conscious Awareness We Have in Multisensory Perception -- Unitization as a Perceptual Learning Mechanism -- Applying Unitization to Multisensory Cases -- Objections and Replies -- Unitization and the Offloading View -- Conclusion -- Learning to Differentiate Properties: Speech Perception -- Introduction -- The Phenomenal Contrast Argument for Hearing Meanings -- The Argument from Homophones -- The Role of Differentiation in Speech Perception -- Why Perceptual Learning Does Not Support the View that We Hear Meanings -- The Offloading View and Speech Perception -- Conclusion -- Learning to Differentiate Objects: The Case of Memory Color -- Introduction -- Memory Color and Cognitive Penetration -- A Brief Survey of Memory Color Studies -- Why Memory Color Is Not a Mechanism for Color Constancy -- Applying Differentiation to Memory Color -- Memory Color and the Offloading View -- Conclusion
Literary Form
non fiction
Previously issued in print: 2019
Physical Description
1 online resource (277 pages)
Specific Material Designation
Form Of Item

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