European Parliament Library

Export Quality in Developing Countries, Christian Henn, Chris Papageorgiou, Nikola Spatafora

This paper develops new, far more extensive estimates of export quality, covering 178 countries and hundreds of products over 1962–2010. Quality upgrading is particularly rapid during the early stages of development, with quality convergence largely completed as a country reaches upper middle-income status. There is significant cross-country heterogeneity in quality growth rates. Within any given product line, quality converges both conditionally and unconditionally to the world frontier; increases in institutional quality and human capital are associated with faster quality upgrading. In turn, faster growth in quality is associated with more rapid output growth. The evidence suggests that quality upgrading is best encouraged through a broadly conducive domestic environment, rather than sector-specific policies. Diversification is important to create new upgrading opportunities
Table Of Contents
Cover; Contents; I. Introduction; II. Estimating Product Quality: Methodology and Data; III. Export Quality: Stylized Facts; A. Comparison of Quality Estimates with Unit Values; B. Export Quality over Time: Examples from Specific Sectors; C. Quality Ladders: Potential for Quality Upgrading; D. Export Quality Along the Development Path; E. Quality Upgrading by Income Group and Region; IV. Determinants of Quality Upgrading; V. Conclusion and Policy Implications; References; Table 1. Imports: Quality-Augmented Gravity Equations; Table 2. Quality Upgrading: Summary Statistics for Data
Literary Form
non fiction
Description based upon print version of record
Physical Description
1 online resource (35 p.)
Specific Material Designation
Form Of Item

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