European Parliament Library

Small Animal Microbiomes and Nutrition

Contributor
Table Of Contents
Cover -- Title Page -- Copyright Page -- Contents -- Preface -- About the companion website -- Section I Understanding a Microbiome -- 1 Common Definitions -- 1.1 Microbiome -- 1.2 Microbiota -- 1.3 Pathogens -- 1.4 Symbiosis -- 1.5 Dysbiosis -- 1.6 Probiotics -- 1.7 Prebiotics -- 1.8 Synbiotics -- 1.9 Biological Markers (Biomarkers) and Their Measurement -- 1.9.1 Genes, the Genome, and Genomics -- 1.9.2 Metabolites, the Metabolome, and Metabolomics -- 1.9.3 The Proteome and Proteomics -- Glossary -- References -- 2 Functions of the Gastrointestinal Microbiome -- 2.1 What Is the Gastrointestinal Microbiome? -- 2.2 Metabolic Functions -- 2.2.1 Short-Chain Fatty Acids -- 2.2.2 Gases -- 2.2.3 Amino Acids -- 2.2.4 Vitamins and Minerals -- 2.3 Structural Functions -- 2.3.1 Tight Junctions and Intestinal Permeability -- 2.4 Protective Functions -- 2.4.1 Bacteriocins -- 2.4.2 Quorum-Sensing -- 2.4.3 Immune Response -- 2.5 Participation in Bidirectional Axis Communication -- 2.6 Chapter Summary -- References -- 3 The Origin and Development of the Gastrointestinal Microbiome -- 3.1 In Utero -- 3.2 Factors Influencing the Initial Colonization of Microbiota -- 3.2.1 Presentation at Birth -- 3.2.2 Environmental Exposure -- 3.2.3 Diet Type and Method of Feeding -- 3.2.4 Age -- 3.3 Dysbiosis During Microbiome Development -- 3.4 Key Nutritional Factors -- 3.4.1 Maternal Colostrum and Maternal Milk -- 3.4.2 Prebiotics -- 3.4.3 Non-maternal Colostrum -- 3.4.4 Commercial Milk Replacer -- 3.5 Chapter Summary -- References -- 4 Factors Affecting the Diversity and Density of the Microbiomes -- 4.1 Physiological Factors -- 4.1.1 Genetics -- 4.1.2 Age -- 4.1.3 Sex -- 4.1.4 Nutrition -- 4.1.5 Environment -- 4.2 Pathophysiological Factors -- 4.2.1 Stress -- 4.2.2 Pharmaceutical Therapy -- 4.3 Chapter Summary -- References -- 5 Essential Nutrients and the Microbiota
Language
eng
Literary Form
non fiction
Copyright
Edition
1st ed.
Physical Description
1 online resource (387 pages)
Specific Material Designation
remote
Form Of Item
online
Isbn
9781119862611

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