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Challenging Nuclear Pacifism in Japan, Hiroshima's Anti-Nuclear Social Movements, Masae Yuasa

"Is Japan abandoning its pacifism? Japanese government has claimed it is doubling its defense spending and has announced a plan to equip itself with the capability to "counterattack" enemy bases overseas, a departure from the nation's postwar consensus. Shedding new light on Japan's pacifism and Hiroshima's role in it, Yuasa investigates the events of post-war Japan and how it catalysed a range of challenges to public sentiment. Japan's Constitution stipulates the renunciation of war and forbids using force to settle international disputes. This radical shift has been led by Fumio Kishida, the Prime Minister, whose constituency is Hiroshima, the atomic-bombed city symbolizing Japan's postwar pacifism. This book is about Hiroshima's local nuclear politics and popular consciousness about pacifism. Based on published and unpublished local documents and participant observation, it describes how postwar global and national power has formulated local politics and discusses the impact of local struggles on national and global politics. The key concept is "imaginary". Institutionalized imaginary effectively channels people's suppressed desires and emotions into coordinated action in the society. The current political crossroad of Hiroshima and Japan is interpreted as a terrain constructed over the last half century by three paradoxically coexisting and competing pacifist imaginaries, namely constitutional, anti-nuclear, and nuclear pacifism. They were, however, significantly destabilized by the Fukushima nuclear disaster and a newly invented "proactive pacifism". An essential reading for scholars and students interested in Japanese post-war history and nuclear issues in general"--, Provided by publisher
Table Of Contents
Cover -- Half Title -- Series -- Title -- Copyright -- Contents -- List of abbreviations -- Acknowledgments -- Introduction: competing and merging pacifist imaginaries in postwar Japan -- 1 Emerging constitutional pacifism -- 2 Lucky Dragon No. 5 incident and anti-nuclear and nuclear pacifism -- 3 Survivors' parallel worlds -- 4 Start of Hiroshima's anti-nuclear movement and Moritaki's anti-nuclear imaginary -- 5 Movement to save survivors -- 6 Peace administration and institutionalized Hiroshima Heart -- 7 Hibakusha as storytellers -- 8 Hibakusha self-help movement challenging the state aid regime -- 9 Anti-nuclear power movement -- 10 Reviving constitutional pacifism in Hiroshima -- 11 Fukushima accident and its impact on Hiroshima -- 12 Post-Fukushima Hiroshima movements challenging Hiroshima pacifism -- 13 Hiroshima caught between proactive pacifism and the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons -- Conclusion: pacifism as imaginary and institution -- Index
Literary Form
non fiction
First edition.
Includes index
Physical Description
1 online resource (262 pages)
Specific Material Designation
Form Of Item

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