European Parliament Library

Violence in Latin America and the Caribbean, subnational structures, institutions, and clientelistic networks, [edited by] Tina Hilgers, Laura Macdonald.

Summary
Violence in Latin America and the Caribbean is no longer perpetrated primarily by states against their citizens, but by a variety of state and non-state actors struggling to control resources, territories, and populations. This book examines violence at the subnational level to illuminate how practices of violence are embedded within subnational configurations of space and clientelistic networks. In societies shaped by centuries of violence and exclusion, inequality and marginalization prevail at the same time that democratization and neoliberalism have decentralized power to regional and local levels, where democratic and authoritarian practices coexist. Within subnational arenas, unique configurations - of historical legacies, economic structures, identities, institutions, actors, and clientelistic networks - result in particular patterns of violence and vulnerability that are often strikingly different from what is portrayed by aggregate national-level statistics. The chapters of this book examine critical cases from across the region, drawing on new primary data collected in the field to analyze how a range of political actors and institutions shape people's lives and to connect structural and physical forms of violence
Table Of Contents
Figures and tables -- Contributors -- Acknowledgments -- Introduction: How violence varies : subnational place, identity, and embeddedness / Tina Hilgers and Laura Macdonald -- Part I. Methodology. 1. Not killer methods : a few things we get wrong when studying violence in Latin America / Jean Daudelin -- Part II. Urban violence and clientelism. 2. Clientelist bases of police violence in democratic Mexico City / Markus-Michael Müller -- 3. Of criminal factions, UPPs, and militias : the state of public insecurity in Rio de Janeiro / Robert Gay -- 4. The Garrison community in Kingston and its implications for violence, policing, de facto rights, and security in Jamaica / Yonique Campbell and Colin Clarke -- 5. The Salvadorean gang truce (2012-2014) : insights on subnational security governance in El Salvador / Gaëlle Rivard Piché -- 6. Guns and butter : social policy, semiclientelsim, and efforts to reduce violence in Mexico City / Lucy Luccisano and Laura Macdonald -- Part III. Regional violence and clientelism. 7. Subnational authoritarianism and democratization in Colombia : divergent paths in Cesar and Magdalena / Kent Eaton and Juan Diego Prieto -- 8. Agricultural boom, subnational mobilization, and variations of violence in Argentina / Pablo Lapegna -- 9. Patterns of violence and the dead ends of democratization in subnational Argentina / Hugues Fournier -- 10. Clientelism and state violence in subnational democratic consolidation in Bahia, Brazil / Julián Durazo Herrmann -- Conclusion: Learning from subnational violence / Tina Hilgers and Laura Macdonald -- Bibliography -- Index
Language
eng
Literary Form
non fiction
Note
Title from publisher's bibliographic system (viewed on 15 Sep 2017)
Physical Description
1 online resource (xi, 298 pages), digital, PDF file(s).
Specific Material Designation
remote
Form Of Item
online
Isbn
9781108141819

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