European Parliament Library

Adaptive learning and the human condition, behavior modification and the helping professions, Jeffrey C. Levy

"Adaptive Learning and the Human Condition provides a coherent and comprehensive introduction to the basic principles of classical (Pavlovian) and instrumental (Skinnerian) conditioning. When combined with observational learning and language, they are responsible for human accomplishment from the Stone-Age to the digital age. This edition has been thoroughly updated throughout, relating adaptive learning principles to clinical applications as well as non-traditional topics such as parenting, moral development, and the helping professions. Defining learning as an adaptive process enables students to understand the need to review the basic animal research literature in classical and operant conditioning and consider how it applies to human beings in our everyday lives. Divided into four parts, this book covers historical research into psychology and adaptive learning, principles of adaptive learning (prediction and control), adaptive learning and the human condition, and behavior modification and the helping professions. The book showcases how an adaptive learning strategy can be practical, diagnostic, and prescriptive, making this an essential companion for psychology students and those enrolled in programs in professional schools and helping professions including psychiatry, special education, health psychology, and physical therapy"--, Provided by publisher
Table Of Contents
Cover -- Half Title -- Title Page -- Copyright Page -- Dedication -- Table of Contents -- List of Figures -- Preface -- Acknowledgments -- PART I: A Science of Psychology and Adaptive Learning -- 1 A Science of Psychology and the Human Condition -- The Changing Human Condition -- The Scientific Revolution -- Applying the Scientific Method to Psychology -- Early History of Psychology -- Psychology Today -- Explanation in Psychology -- Nature and Nurture -- Nature as Explanation -- Instincts and Evolutionary Psychology -- Nurture as Explanation - The Pioneers of Adaptive Learning -- Adaptive Learning and Hedonic Motivation -- Conditioning and Learning -- Adaptive Learning - Prediction and Control of Appetitive and Aversive Events -- Attributions -- 2 A Science of Adaptive Learning -- Definitions of Learning -- Operational Definition -- Structural/ Functional Definition -- Adaptive Definition -- Direct and Indirect Learning -- Research Methods in Psychology: Internal and External Validity -- Non- Experimental Research Methods -- Experimental Research Methods -- Group Designs -- Small- N Designs -- Establishing the Baseline -- Reversal Designs -- Multiple- Baseline Designs -- Adjusting Criterion Procedure -- Adaptive Learning Research Methods and External Validity -- Non-Humans as Subjects -- Experimental Apparatus -- Attributions -- PART II: Principles of Adaptive Learning -- 3 Predictive Learning - Phenomena and Variables -- Pavlov's Methods and Terminology -- Classical Conditioning Measurement Procedures -- Anticipation Procedure -- Blank Trials Procedure -- Sign Tracking Procedure -- Conditioned Suppression Procedure -- Basic Predictive Learning Phenomena -- Acquisition -- Extinction -- Spontaneous Recovery -- External Inhibition and Disinhibition -- Renewal -- Stimulus Generalization and Discrimination -- Occasion Setting
Literary Form
non fiction
2nd ed.
Physical Description
1 online resource (405 pages)
Specific Material Designation
Form Of Item


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