European Parliament Library

The future of Africa, challenges and opportunities, Jakkie Cilliers

Summary
This open access textbook offers a critical introduction to human and economic development prospects in Africa revolving around three questions: where is Africa today, what explains the current state, and, given historical trends and what we know about the world, where do we think the continent will be in 2040? And, a final question: what can we do to create a better tomorrow? It models ambitious progress in health, demographics, agriculture, education, industrialization, technological leapfrogging, increased trade, greater stability, better governance and external support. The book reviews the future of work/jobs, poverty and the impact of climate change. A combined Closing the Gap scenario presents a forecast of what could be possible by 2040. Each chapter suggests which policies might accelerate prospects for each sector. Written in an accessible style, and supported by a range of pedagogical features, this textbook introduces undergraduate and graduate students to the contemporary human and economic development prospects in Africa
Table Of Contents
Intro -- Preface and Acknowledgments -- Contents -- List of Figures -- List of Tables -- 1 The Growing Gap -- The Growing Income Divergence -- South Korea and Ghana -- The Importance of Labour and Demographics -- Productivity and Economic Structure -- The Global Context -- Dealing with Africa's Diversity-Using Country Income Groups -- Previous Studies and the International Futures Forecasting Platform -- Structure of the Book -- Further Reading -- 2 Africa's Current Path -- From Brundtland to the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) -- The Impact of the Structural Adjustment Programmes -- Africa's Growing Dependence on Commodities -- The Challenges of Commodities-Dependent Growth -- Rising Debt Levels -- The Third Wave of Democratisation in Africa -- Africa's Slow Pace of Urbanisation -- The Current Path Scenario -- 3 Health -- The Impact of HIV and AIDS -- Africa's Approaching Health Transition -- Urbanisation and Health Services -- Current Path: Access to Basic Infrastructure -- Modelling the Impact of Better Health and WASH Infrastructure: The Improved Health Scenario -- Impact on Disability Adjusted Life Years -- Conclusion: Planning Comprehensively and Long-Term -- Further Reading -- 4 Getting to Africa's Demographic Dividend -- What History Reveals -- The Impact of the Demographic Dividend -- Comparing Niger, Egypt, Japan and Sweden -- Africa's Slow Demographic Transition -- The Peak and Length of the Demographic Dividend -- The Potential Benefits of Reducing Fertility Rates -- The Components of the Demographic Dividend Scenario -- Scenario Impact on Global Population -- Impact of the Demographic Dividend on Africa -- Conclusion: Reducing Fertility Rates and Working Towards Africa's Demographic Dividend -- Further Reading -- 5 Wanted: A Revolution in Agriculture -- After Independence -- Agriculture Today
Language
eng
Literary Form
non fiction
Copyright
Note
Includes index
Physical Description
1 online resource (XVII, 421 pages), 57 illustrations, 55 illustrations in color.
Specific Material Designation
remote
Form Of Item
online
Isbn
9780303046592

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