European Parliament Library

Western cooperation, origins and history, Frans A.M. Alting von Geusau

Summary
For the study of international relations, knowledge of the history of Western Cooperation in the Twentieth Century is essential. The third volume reviews the broader history from America’s entry in the First World War in 1917 and the start of the American Era in international relations one hundred years ago, to the inauguration of President Trump in 2017. The American Era in world politics may well have come to its final end, when US President Donald Trump and British Prime Minister Theresa May agreed to build a new special, bilateral relationship on “America First” and “Global Britain”. The Atlantic Charter (1941) founded the special relationship between the United States and Great Britain, for that purpose. In reality, the special relationship was instrumental in creating the system of successful Western cooperation, characterized by new multilateral institutions – exactly the opposite of what President Trump and Prime Minister May had in mind for their special bilateral relationship, when they met in January 2017. This volume on “Western Cooperation” deals with the American era in world politics, characterised by the creation of such international institutions as the League of Nations, the United Nations, ILO, IBRD, IMF and UNESCO
Table Of Contents
The West As A Civilization -- History Of Western Cooperation -- The First Period: The Failures of Western cooperation -- The Second Period: The Making of the West -- The Third Period: Democratic Enlargement and Its Opponents -- The Terrorist Attacks On America -- A New Type Of War -- International Terrorism: a descendant of the cold war -- State-Support for International Terrorism -- International terrorism: the new network -- The War on Terror -- The West And The World -- pt. I Between Power Politics and Alliance of Democracies -- The United States and European Peace and Security -- Introduction -- Still Going Strong? -- ch. 1 The First World War and The Peace Treaties -- The Fury Of The War -- President Wilson's Programme Of The World's Peace -- Events preceding the conclusion of the Peace Treaty -- The Peace Treaties With Germany, Hungary And Austria -- Separate U.S. Peace Treaties -- The Peace-Treaties With Turkey -- Marred By Contradictions--, ch. 2 The Failure of Collective Security -- Soviet-German Rapprochement: The Rapallo Treaty -- The Locarno Treaties -- The Destruction Of The Order Of Versailles -- War -- The Axis Powers -- ch. 3 The United States and Collective Security (1919 -- 1941) -- From Aloofness To Alliance -- Change of policy -- Disarmament -- Economic Instruments -- The Function Of Law -- ch. 4 The Grand Alliance -- Terrible, Totalitarian Secrets -- Yalta And Potsdam -- Post-War International Cooperation -- Beyond The Grand Alliance -- As We Now Know -- ch. 5 From Containment to Western Cooperation -- The Policy Of Containment -- Joint Economic Recovery -- Policy Towards Germany -- Berlin and the Federal Republic of Germany -- Organising Collective Security -- Western Cooperation -- Policy towards Eastern Europe -- Nature Of Post-War Western Cooperation -- ch. 6 Western Cooperation Beyond Containment -- Political Change -- German re-unification -- Russia -- Strategies Beyond Containment--, A new world order -- Democratic enlargement -- The Bush Doctrine of 2002 -- Economic Assistance And Cooperation -- An Architecture For Continued Peaceful Change -- Peaceful Change And The New Nationalism -- A Western response in three stages -- The vicissitudes of democratic enlargement and the war on terror -- Entering The Post-American Era? -- pt. II The Alliance of Democracies -- The North Atlantic Treaty Organisation -- Introduction -- ch. 1 Foundations of the Alliance and The North Atlantic Treaty Organisation -- The North Atlantic Treaty -- The Transformation Of The Alliance Into Nato -- ch. 2 The Organisation of Collective Self-Defence: Evolution of the Organisation, Its Structures and Planning Procedures -- The Evolution Of The Organisation -- First Phase: The Build-Up -- Second phase: Political Cooperation and Nuclear Sharing -- Third Phase: Alliance Crisis -- Fourth phase:: Detente -- Fifth Phase: New Threats and New Chances -- Sixth Phase: A New Era--, Seventh Phase: NATO and the U.S. War on Terror 2001 -- 2009 -- NATO's Changes through four Summits -- NATO's relations with the United Nations -- NATO at Sixty -- Nato's Structure And Planning Procedures -- The Civil Structure -- The Military Structure -- Defence Planning -- Civil Emergency Planning -- The Broadening Scope of NATO's Functions -- ch. 3 Doctrines and Strategies of the Alliance -- The First Function Of The Alliance -- The New Look And Massive Retaliation -- Flexible Response -- The Flexibility Of Flexible Response -- The Alliance's New Strategic Concept -- The Euro-Atlantic Area and the Broad Approach to Security -- The Alliance's Forces -- The new Missions -- The Implementation Of The New Strategic Concept -- Bosnia-Herzegovina -- Kosovo -- Dilemma's in the implementation of NATO's new missions -- A New Concept For Defence Against Terrorism? -- The Sixty's Anniversary Summit -- ch. 4 Non-Military Cooperation -- A North Atlantic Community? -- Political Consultation--, The 1955 Geneva Summit -- The Committee On Non-Military Cooperation -- Experiences between 1958-1967 -- A New Function For The Alliance: To Further Detente -- The (Ottawa) Declaration on Atlantic Relations of 19 June 1974 -- Arms-Control between Ditente and Enlargement -- A Political Alliance With A Military Foundation? -- Partnership For Peace -- ch. 5 The Enlargement of Nato -- Area -- The Accession Of New Members -- Turkey and Greece -- Germany -- Spain -- Poland, the Czech Republic and Hungary -- Who is Next? -- The Charters with Ukraine and the Baltic States -- Nato's Open Door Policy: Nature Of The Enlargement Process -- Enlarged Nato And Russia -- Russia and NATO -- ch. 6 NATO and the European Union -- Evolution Of The Relationship -- A European Defence Community: promising but abortive -- A Stop-gap solution: EU -- Divisive approach -- WEU revived -- A common European Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP--, A common European Security and Defence Policy (ESDP) and the burial of WEU -- Consultation and Cooperation Arrangements between NATO and EU -- Cooperation In The Field -- The Balkans -- The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia -- Bosnia and Herzegovina -- Kosovo -- Cooperation In Other Regions -- Afghanistan -- Darfur -- Piracy -- Nato And Eu: Conceptual Differences -- Concept and the reality of the 1990's -- Security architecture and security functions for ESDI -- ESDI and European unification -- NATO and the European Union: Partners After All? -- ch. 7 Epilogue End of an Era
Language
eng
Literary Form
non fiction
Copyright
Edition
Third edition.
Physical Description
346 pages, 25 cm
Isbn
9789462404182

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