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Financial Intermediation Costs in Low-Income Countries :, The Role of Regulatory, Institutional, and Macroeconomic Factors, Tigran Poghosyan

Abstract
We analyze factors driving persistently higher financial intermediation costs in low-income countries (LICs) relative to emerging market (EMs) country comparators. Using the net interest margin as a proxy for financial intermediation costs at the bank level, we find that within LICs a substantial part of the variation in interest margins can be explained by bank-specific factors: margins tend to increase with higher riskiness of credit portfolio, lower bank capitalization, and smaller bank size. Overall, we find that concentrated market structures and lack of competition in LICs banking systems and institutional weaknesses constitute the key impediments preventing financial intermediation costs from declining. Our results provide strong evidence that policies aimed at fostering banking competition and strengthening institutional frameworks can reduce intermediation costs in LICs
Table Of Contents
Cover; Contents; I. Introduction; II. Interest Margin Decomposition; A. Conceptual Framework; B. Decomposition Results; III. Econometric Analysis of Bank- and Country-Specific Determinants of Interest Margins; A. Model Specification; B. Variables; C. Descriptive Statistics; D. Results; IV. Robustness Checks; V. Conclusions; References; Figures; 1. Comparison of Implicit Net Interest Margins in LICs and EMs; 2. Percentile Distribution of Net Interest Margin Determinants in LICs and EMs; 3. Median Interest Margins in LICs and EMs by Countries; Tables; 1. Variable Definition and Sources
Language
eng
Literary Form
non fiction
Note
"Fiscal Affairs Department and Strategy, Policy, and Review Department."
Physical Description
1 online resource (36 p.)
Specific Material Designation
remote
Form Of Item
online
Isbn
9781475564136

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