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Growth in the Dominican Republic and Haiti :, Why has the Grass Been Greener on One Side of Hispaniola?, Laura Jaramillo, Cemile Sancak

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Abstract
The Dominican Republic and Haiti share the island of Hispaniola and are broadly similar in terms of geography and historical institutions, yet their growth performance has diverged remarkably. The countries had the same per capita real GDP in 1960 but, by 2005, the Dominican Republic's per capita real GDP had tripled whereas that of Haiti had halved. Drawing on the growth literature, the paper explains this divergence through a combined approach that includes a panel regression to study growth determinants across a broad group of countries, and a case study framework to better understand the specific policy decisions and external conditions that have shaped economic outcomes in the Dominican Republic and Haiti. The paper finds that initial conditions cannot fully explain the growth divergence, but rather policy decisions have played a central role in the growth trends of the two countries. This Working Paper should not be reported as representing the views of the IMF. The views expressed in this Working Paper are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily represent those of the IMF or IMF policy. Working Papers describe research in progress by the author(s) and are published to elicit comments and to further debate
Table Of Contents
Table of Contents; I. Introduction; Figures; 1. GDP per capita, and real GDP growth rates in Latin America; II. Literature Review; III. Initial Conditions; A. Geography; B. Historical institutions; 2. Population density; 3. Settler mortality and ethnolinguistic fragmentation; IV. Analysis of Policies Pursued; A. Growth accounting; B. Empirical Endogenous Growth Model; 4. Contribution to GDP per capita growth; 5. Endogenous growth model; Box; 1. Literature survey; Loayza, Fajnzylber, and Calderón (2005)-LFC Model; Tables; 1. Variables used in the LFC model; Improving the fit of the LFC model
Language
eng
Literary Form
non fiction
Note
Description based upon print version of record
Physical Description
1 online resource (35 p.)
Specific Material Designation
remote
Form Of Item
online
Isbn
9781462335657

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