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A Hybrid Approach to Estimating the Efficiency of Public Spending on Education in Emerging and Developing Economies, Francesco Grigoli

The measurement of the efficiency of public education expenditure using parametric and non-parametric methods has proven challenging. This paper seeks to overcome the difficulties of earlier studies by using a hybrid approach to measure the efficiency of secondary education spending in emerging and developing economies. The approach accounts for the impact of the level of development on education outcomes by constructing different efficiency frontiers for lower- and higher-income economies. We find evidence of large potential gains in enrollment rates by improving efficiency. These are largest in lower-income economies, especially in Africa. Reallocating expenditure to reduce student-to-teacher ratios (where these are high) and improving the quality of institutions (as measured by the "governance effectiveness" indicator in the World bank's Governance Indicators database) could help improve the efficiency of education spending. Easing the access to education facilities and reducing income inequality (as measured by the Gini coefficient) could also help improve efficiency
Table Of Contents
Cover; Abstract; Contents; I. Introduction; II. A Selective Review of the Research Assessing Education Spending Efficiency; III. Empirical Analysis; A. An Overview of the Education Sector; Tables; 1. Selected Education and Social Indicators; B. The Hybrid Methodology; Figures; 1. Education Input and Output; 2. Grid Search; 2. Grid Search Outcome; 3. Hybrid Frontier; 4. Probability Distribution of Potential Gains; 5. The Role of GDP Per Capita; C. Results; D. Sensitivity Analysis; 6. Potential Gains; 3. Efficiency Scores; 7. Average Potential Gain; E. Second-Stage Analysis; 8. Rank Correlation
Literary Form
non fiction
Description based upon print version of record
Physical Description
1 online resource (25 p.)
Specific Material Designation
Form Of Item

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