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China :, Does Government Health and Education Spending Boost Consumption?

Consumption in China is unusually low and has continued to decline as a share of GDP over the past decade. A key policy question is how to reverse this trend, and rebalance growth away from reliance on exports and investment and toward consumption. This paper investigates whether the sizable increase in government social spending in recent years lowered precautionary saving and increased consumption. The main findings are that spending on health, but not education, had an impact on household behavior. The impact, moreover, is large. A one yuan increase in government health spending is associated with a two yuan increase in urban household consumption
Table Of Contents
Contents; I. Introduction; II. Consumption and Saving in China: Stylized Facts; A. Consumption is Falling; Figures; 1. Consumption in China: Low and Falling; 2. Urban and Rural Saving Rates; 3. Urban and Rural Income; 4. Indicators of Urban and Rural Consumption and Income; B. More Stylized Facts; 5. Household Income and GDP per Capita; 6. Urban Household Saving Rate by Income Group; III. Reducing Precautionary Saving: A Role For Public Spending?; A. Urban Households; 7. Health and Education Spending; B. Rural Households; C. Robustness Checks; IV. Conclusion; Tables
Literary Form
non fiction
Description based upon print version of record
Physical Description
1 online resource (15 p.)
Specific Material Designation
Form Of Item

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