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Assessing Reserve Adequacy in Low-Income Countries, Valerio Crispolti, Era Dabla-Norris, Jun Kim, Kazuko Shirono, George Tsibouris

Abstract
Low-income countries routinely experience exogenous disturbances—sharp swings in the terms of trade, export demand, natural disasters, and volatile financial flows—that contribute to higher volatility in aggregate output and consumption compared with other countries. Assessing Reserve Adequacy in Low-Income Countries presents the findings of an analysis of a range of external shocks faced by these countries, beginning with a discussion of the impact of external shocks on macroeconomic growth, volatility, and welfare. Although sound macroeconomic and prudential policy frameworks are the first line of defense for limiting vulnerability, international reserves constitute the main form of self-insurance against such shocks. The evidence suggests that low-income countries with reserve coverage above three months of imports were better able to smooth consumption and absorption in the face of external shocks compared with those with lower reserve holdings. The analysis also points to the importance of country characteristics and vulnerabilities in assessing reserve adequacy
Table Of Contents
Cover; Contents; Preface; 1. Introduction; 2. External Shocks and Macroeconomic Performance; Tables; 2.1. Frequency of Shocks Across Country Groups (1970-2007); Figures; 2.1. Distribution of Country Characteristics among Low-Income Countries and the Rest of the World; Consequences for Growth and Welfare; 2.2. Growing Integration between Low-Income Countries and the Global Economy; 2.3. Macroeconomic Volatility in Low-Income Countries, 1980-2009; 3. Anatomy of External Shocks in Low-Income Countries; Event Study Analysis; 3.1. Definition of Shock Episodes; Shock Frequency and Size
Language
eng
Literary Form
non fiction
Note
Description based upon print version of record
Physical Description
1 online resource (78 p.)
Specific Material Designation
remote
Form Of Item
online
Isbn
9781475554526

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